Introduction to Human Museum of Fudan University
The human anatomy and histoembryology are the sciences that study the structure and growth of the body, respectively. Here in Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, the Museum of the Human Body presents the scientific achievements and accomplishments accumulated over the past half century, thanks to the painstaking efforts of the generations based at the Department of the Human Anatomy and Histoembryology. The specimens serve as not merely a textbook of three dimensions, but also the scientific work of art. And more importantly, these exhibits open the window to the secrets of the body, and meanwhile act as the fundamental steps towards the forefront of the basic medical sciences. In the Museum the medical students can start their journey of medicine to explore the human body.
The Museum can be traced back to the early 50s of the 20th century, when it was established as a specimen showroom on campus. In 2003, it was renamed the Museum of the Human Body upon rearrangement and expansion. In 2013, the physical structure of the Museum was fully reconstructed to be characterized by the integration of tradition and modernity. Today, the Museum can further facilitate medical education, medical research, clinical practice and science popularization.
Among the treasured items here in the Museum you can see the handwritten manuscript drawn by late Prof. QI Dengke in the 30s of the 20th century. It is well recognized as a piece of art for its precision. You can also see the laboratory records made and brought to the motherland by late Prof. WANG Youqi from the United States; late Prof. ZHENG Sijing’s the degree certificate of Harvard University and his graduation thesis; the specimens and slices made by the alien expert TAN Youli and Prof. 雷门in the 30s of the 20th century; the fetus model hand made in 1951; the classical slicers and microscopes; and the award issued for the participation in 09 Project of Mao Zedong Memorial Hall. Behind each displaying item there is a legend.
The Museum of the Human Body consists of four sections. The first section is called the Journey of the Human Body, which presents the growth of the human body, mainly showing the embryonic growth and deforms and defects. Beyond that, it deals with the system of the physical support and movement.
The second section is called the Exploration of the Human Structure, which deals with the digestive, respiratory, urinary, productive, cardiovascular, and neural system.
The third section is called the Clinical Applications of the Human Anatomy, where are exhibited the complete human cross section and sagittal section, as well as the head and neck region, thorax and abdomen, pelvic part and limbs of local anatomy. Among the exhibits, there is a surgical guiding system, which has been applied to approximately 10,000 neural surgeries in over 30 tertiary hospitals graded A across the country.
The 4th section is called the Multimedia Area, which is equipped with the ultra-wide projection facilities and dozens of educational videos. The number of the video is expected to grow up to 100 for medical education. From the area is also available the exhibits that reflect the history and heritage of the Department of Human Anatomy over the past half century.
So much for the brief introduction to the four sections of the museum, and let’s move to the important innovations. Upon your entrance, you cannot miss the flashing area in the layout, which shows the phantom imaging of a 3D human body in rotation.
You can use your cellphone to scan a 2D code underneath a specimen to retrieve the image of a corresponding human structure immediately, which is accompanied by a vocal interpretation. We are proud of pioneering in applying such an IT technology to the Museum.
When you enter the 3rd section, you can see a flashing area in the layout, which is showing a 3D virtue human system composed of all kinds of sections, sagittal, coronary, horizontal, for 3D reconstruction. You can also see a collection of microscopic pictures of the histological and pathological specimen. Here in this area there are four computers linked to the virtue human being online.
In either of the two flashing areas, you can use the computerized reception desk for information about the Museum.
The Museum of the Human Body has an area of 300 m2, which is apparently limited to a growing addition of specimen. However, the Digital Museum of the Human Body is under construction, which has made it possible for the Museum to expand infinitely so that it can be visited online anytime and anywhere, producing an amazing virtue visual effect.
The digitalized materials are also available for the medical education in the classroom such as human cross sections, real time 3D presentations, electricmicrospic and pathological slices.
The advanced hardware here in the Museum can produce real audiovisual effect so that the Museum can be online linked to the Center of Clinical Anatomy and the Operating Room at Zhongshan Hospital for real time observations in high resolution.
In the 4th Section of the Museum there is a real and moving story. You can see a bronze plate in which are inscribed the picture of a couple and their names. It reads that JIN Anyong committed her life to the technical work of histoembryology from 1934 to 1975 at the medical school. In the 90s of the 20th century, JIN Anyong and her husband decided to donate their bodies in their living will. Inspired by the will, their children did the same to donate their corneas and bodies. Such a dedication to medicine is unforgettable from generation to generation.
Actually, there are so many anonymous late donators here in the Museum, and their dedicating spirit was, is and will be highly recognized because these static specimens are still symbolic of their endless lives, inspiring considerate hushed veneration and. These displays will continue to inspire the medical workers of today and tomorrow to embody their basic mission in dedicating themselves to the noble course of medicine in China.