翻译点津 时事热词英译(二十)




杂费 miscellaneous (incidental) expenses

砸牌子 ruin reputation

砸星运动 star-bashing campaign. After the father of an Andy Lau fan committed suicide in Hong Kong early this year, some young people on the Chinese mainland smashed CDs and tore down posters of pop stars in an attempt to reason with infatuated fans.

再贷款 re-lending; subloan  

在孵(孵化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator)  

灾后重建 post-disaster reconstruction

在家教育 home schooling (With a crimped economy tightening belts, a growing number of expatriates in China are seeing home schooling as a solution to the soaring cost of tuition.随着经济不断紧缩,越来越多在中国居住的外籍人士把在家教育作为应对学费持续上涨的办法。)

在建工程 project under construction

在建项目后续资金 additional funding for projects under construction

再就业服务中心 re-employment service center  

再就业工程 re-employment project / program

宰客 swindle money out of customers

在联合国的框架内 within the framework of the United Nations

灾民 flood victims; flood-stricken people

在全国范围内实行群防群控 mobilize the general public throughout the country to control the outbreak

宰人 rip somebody off  

载人飞船 manned spacecraft

载人卫星 manned satellite

再生环保纸 recycled paper

再生纸 recycled paper

在途资金 fund in float

在线 (计算机) on-line

在线网上书店 online bookstore

载誉 come with the honor a person has won  

在职博士生 on-job doctorate

在职研究生 on-job postgraduates

在字面上兜圈子 festoons of words

载人航天工程 the manned space flight project

再生纸 recycled paper

暂住证 temporary residence permit (card)  

脏弹 dirty bomb  

赃款赃物 proceeds of crime

藏羚羊 Tibetan antelope

藏学 Tibetology  

藏学家 Tibetologist

藏传佛教 Tibetan Buddhism

藏独分裂分子 Tibetan separatist (The relay set off from China Bay Park but with Tibetan separatists and their supporters threatening to storm the relay, San Francisco police made a swift change in the route and shortened the course by half.)

暂行办法 interim measure

暂行规定 interim provisions

造福子孙 bring benefits to our posterity

造假帐 falsified accounts  

早恋 puppy love  

造林运动 afforestation drive (campaign)

糟粕 dross  

噪声治理 noise abatement

早市 morning session  

早熟 early onset of puberty (The number of children experiencing the early onset of puberty has doubled over the past 10 years, according to a survey analyzing children's endocrine diseases by the Women and Children's Hospital of Guangdong Province.据广东省妇幼医院一项有关儿童内分泌疾病的调查显示,早熟儿童的数量在过去十年中翻了一番。)

造型艺术 formative arts; plastic arts

早发现,早报告,早隔离,早治疗 early detection, prompt reporting, swift isolation and early treatment

责权利三结合 combination of responsibility, power and interest

责任编辑 editor in charge

责任田  farmland covered by contract  

责任制 responsibility system  

责任追究制度 accountability system

增发股票 increase issues in stocks  

增幅 increasing range; growing rate  

增加信任,减少麻烦,发展合作,不搞对抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation

增强经济发展后劲 increase the potential for economic development

增强人民体质 build up people's health

增强型短信服务 EMS (Enhanced Message Service)

增值税 value added tax(VAT)

增值税由生产型改为消费型 shift from a 'production VAT' to a 'consumption VAT'

增加转移支付 to increase transfer payments

赠票 complimentary ticket

增收节支 increase revenues and cut expenditures  

渣打银行 The Chartered Bank

债券 bond certificate; debenture certificate  

债台高筑 become debt-ridden

斋月(伊斯兰教) Ramadan/ month of fast

债转股 debt-to-equity swap  

债券性基金 bond fund

债务人持有资产 debtor-in-possession (DIP)  

站得住脚 hold water

占地面积 floor space

战俘 prisoner of war (POW)

战斧式巡航导弹 Tomahawk cruise missile

战俘营 prisoner-of-war (POW) camp

沾光 benefit from association with somebody or something  

战略防御计划 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)

战略高技术研究 strategically important hi-tech research

战略伙伴关系 strategic partnership  

战略物资 strategic materials  

占便宜 profit at others' expense

站票 standing-room-only ticket  

站台票 platform ticket  

展销 exhibit and sell (goods and products); sales exhibition; exhibition and spot sale  

占着茅坑不拉屎 be a dog in the manger

战争狂人 war maniac  

涨落线 advance balance line  

掌上电脑 palm pilot  

帐外设帐 keep additional accounts in addition to the authorized ones

斩首行动 Decapitation Strike

站在新起点 on a new starting point  

(公开)招标 invite public bidding  

招标投标制 the system of public bidding  

招财进宝 Money and treasures will be plentiful

招股说明书 prospectus  

招牌菜 signature dishes

招商局 China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (China Merchants)  

招商引资 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas)  

招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office  

招生办公室 admissions office

朝阳产业 sunrise industry  

召回(产品) product recall (Help keep your family safe by checking product recalls and safety news from CPSC.)

遮幅式电影 wide-screen film on screen with normal dimensions

折旧费 depreciation charge

折扣 allowance; discount  

折衷方案 a compromise proposal

折扣零售商 discount retailer

珍爱之人或物 apple of one's eyes  

侦察飞机 surveillance plane  

震感 seismaesthesia, feel of the earthquake(tremor)

震级 earthquake magnitude

针灸 needle treatment/acupuncture (Lucky pets are getting the needle treatment in the US.如今,幸运的宠物们在美国也能享受针灸治疗了。)

真空包装 vacuum packing  

震区 seismic zone

真人秀 reality TV show

真善美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty  

枕头风 pillow wind

珍稀濒危物种 rare or endangered species

真相调查团 fact-finding mission

振兴经济 revitalize the economy

振兴中华 make China powerful and strong; revitalize the Chinese nation

震源 focus (of an earthquake), seismic origin

震中 epicenter

震中烈度 epicentral intensity

震中区 epicentral area

政策监督 policy surveillance  

政策倾斜 policy support

政策性贷款 policy-based lending;policy-related loan

政策性亏损 policy-related losses; losses incurred due to policy decisions

政策性银行 policy banks

政策性住房 "policy-related house, policy-based house"  

政策银行 policy banks

政策组合 policy mix

正当自卫能力 capability for just self-defence

争端解决机构 dispute settlement body  

整顿经济秩序 rectify the economic order

政法委 politics and law committee  

政府采购 government procurement  

政府搭台,部门推动,企业唱戏 "Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show. "  

正负电子对撞机 electron-positron collider

政府干预 government intervention

政务公开、透明 make government affairs transparent

政府工作报告 government work report  

政府工作的着力点 the government's priorities

政府廉洁高效 a clean and efficient government

政府上网工程 Government Online Project

政府特殊津贴 special government allowance

政府贴息贷款 discount government loans

政府职能转变 transform/shift the government functions  

政改方案(英国对香港) constitutional package

争购 snap up (Chinese homebuyers are going to visit the US in February to snap up cheap homes to take advantage of the real estate plunge on the other side of the globe.中国一批购房者将于二月前往美国,希望在房地产市场低迷的美国能争购到便宜的房子。)

正气 uprightness; integrity; probity; rectitude

政企不分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up  

政企分开 separate government functions from enterprise management  

证券发行审核制度 the system for examining and verifying the issuance of securities

证券化 securitisation  

证券监督管理委员会 securities supervision commission

证券投资基金 securities investment funds

证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange  

整容手术 plastic surgery; face lift

正式会计师 Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

正式照会 formal note  

政务公开、透明 make government affairs public  

政务透明 administrative transparency (Chinese government body yielded to public pressure Sunday for administrative transparency and promised to disclose detailed expenditures of the country's four-trillion-yuan (US$585.5 billion) stimulus package.中国政府有关部门已于上周日向公众保证增加政务信息透明度,并承诺公布国家4万亿元(合5855亿美元)经济刺激方案的投资细节。)

争议地区 disputed area

政治合格,军事过硬,作风优良, 纪律严明,保障有力 "be qualified politically and competent militarily, have a fine style of work, maintain strict discipline and be assured of adequate logistical support"  

政治局 politburo

政治局常委 politburo's standing committee  

政治迫害 political persecution; witch hunt  

政治素质 political caliber

政治体制改革 political restructuring

政治协商、民主监督、参政议政 exercise political consultation and democratic supervision and participate in deliberating and administration of state affairs  

正版软件 genuine software

政策性关闭破产 policy-based closure and bankruptcy

零存整取 fixed deposit by installments  

政府收支分类改革 reformation of the classification of government revenue and expenditures

征集意见 solicit opinion

证券交易委员会 Securities and Exchange Commission

证券投资者保护基金 stock investors' protection fund

政治多元化和多党制 multiple politics and a multi-party system

政治捐款丑闻 political funding scandal

政治面貌 politics status

纸包不住火 Truth will come to light sooner or later.

纸币流通 fiduciary circulation  

支边 support the border areas  

直播 "live broadcast, live telecast"  

职称 professional title  

只读存储器 read-only-memory (ROM)

执法过错追究制 mechanism for investigating and processing law enforcement improprieties

执法人员 law enforcement officials; law-executor; law enforcer

支付能力 payment capacity

职工代表大会 workers' conference

职工工资集体协商制度 negotiation system for determining employee wages

职工股 employee stock

制海权 command of the sea

滞后影响 lagged effect

知己知彼,百战不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat.

直接道歉 a straight-out apology  

直接融资 direct financing

直接三通与双向交流 three direct links (mail, air and shipping services and trade) and bilateral exchanges

直接、双向、全面“三通” the direct, two-way and complete “Three Links”

直接选举 direct election

制空权 air space control; air supremacy; command of the air; air mastery; air domination

智力结构 the configuration of the personnel in a given unit

智力引进 recruit / introduce (foreign) talents

治理整顿 improve and rectify; improvement and rectification

智力支持 intellectual support

质量第一,顾客至上 quality first, customers supreme

质量管理 quality control

质量认证体系认证证书 certificate of the system of quality certification  

质量守恒定律 law of conservation of mass

滞纳金 fine for delaying payment; fine for paying late

智囊流失 brain drain

智囊团、思想库 brain trustthink tank  

智能终端 intelligent terminal

职能转换 transformation of functions

掷钱猜先 toss  

智商 intelligence quotient (IQ)

纸上谈兵 be an armchair strategist

知识产权 intellectual property right

知识经济 knowledge economy  

知识就是力量 Knowledge is power.

知识密集 knowledge-intensive

知识转让 transfer of knowledge

知识资本 knowledge capital

职务发明 on-duty invention

职务犯罪 crime by taking advantage of duty  

植物群落 plant community

植物人 person in coma; vegetable  

职务消费 position-related consumption (The document set guidelines in salary structure and payment, position-related consumption, and supervision and management, in a bid to establish and perfect incentive and restraint mechanisms regulating SOE executives' salaries.该文件在薪资结构和支付、职务消费以及薪资的监督和管理上制定了指导方针,目的是为了建立健全规范国有企业高管薪酬的激励和约束机制。)

直辖市 municipality directly under the Central Government  

直销 direct marketing; door-to-door sale

滞销商品 unmarketable goods

置业 house purchasing

职业高中(职高) vocational high school  

职业教育和继续教育 vocational education and continuing education

职业介绍所 career service center; job center

职业经理人 professional manager  

职业培训 job training

职业瓶颈 career bottleneck (Women have come to a career bottleneck, Yang Lan, a CPPCC member and popular TV presenter, said in an interview with cnr.cn. The number of women decision-makers in companies is far from enough. It is not because they don't have opportunities or they are unqualified.政协委员、著名电视节目主持人杨澜在中国广播网的访谈中表示,在职业发展中,女性职业有瓶颈。在企事业高管层面,女性的代表性还是远远不够。这并不是因为她们没有机会或能力不够。)

职业资格证书制度 professional qualification certificate system

支原体 mycoplasma  

制止乱征滥占耕地 stop disorderly and unauthorized acquisition of farmland

制止外汇流失 prevent the flow-away of China's foreign exchange  

支柱产业 pillar / cornerstone industry

直板手机 bar phone

直播电视 direct TV

支持线 support line (Hong Kong stocks fell 339.41 points, or 1.85%, off the key support line of 18000, to finish Wednesday's morning session at 17961.20.港股17日失守18000点支持线,下跌339.41点,跌幅达1.85%,早盘收于17961.20点。)

智力密集型 knowledge-intensive

指令性计划 mandatory planning

滞纳金 late fee, late fine

智能感知技术 perceptive technology

智能手机 smart phone (Research In Motion Ltd on Wednesday launched a first flip version of its popular BlackBerry Pearl smart phone.动态研究RIM有限公司于本周三推出了首款翻盖版的黑莓珍珠智能手机,黑莓珍珠为该公司广受市场欢迎的一款智能手机。)

智能型产品 smart product (Germany is leading the way in producing and marketing smart products.)

职务与级别相结合的工资制度 a salary system based on position and rank

知心大姐 Agony Aunt

职业作家 professional writers

制造假象 create smoke screens

中程导弹 intermediate-range missile; medium-range missile

重大交通运输干线与枢纽工程 major transport trunk lines and hubs

重大问题集体决策制度、专家咨询制度、社会公开和社会听证制度、决策责任制度 systems for making collective decisions on major issues, for soliciting opinions from experts, for keeping the public informed and holding public hearing, and for accountability in policy-making

中导条约 Middle Range Guided Missile Treaty

重点发展 prioritize  

终点控制区 terminal control area

中东和平进程 the Middle East peace process

中东和平方案 Approach to Mideast peace

终端服务器 terminal server

中关村科技园区 Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park  

中国出口商品交易会(广交会) China Export Commodities Fair (Guangzhou Fair)

中国电信 China Telecom

中国工程院 Chinese Academy of Engineering

中国环境与发展国际合作委员会 China Council for International Co-operation on Environment and Development

中国结 Chinese knot

中国经济景气监测中心 China Economic situation Monitoring Center  

中国联通公司 China Unicom  

中国民用航空总局 General Administration of Civil Aviation of China  

中国模式 China model (Up until today, China's political and economic system has yet to be perfected, and the "China model" is evolving based on world and Chinese experiences.直到今日,中国的政治和经济体制仍需要进一步完善,“中国模式”正在世界和本国的经验基础上不断发展。)

中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会 (简称 全国政协) National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)  

中国新经济峰会 China New Economy Summit  

中国新闻出版报社 China Press and Publication News  

中国沿海专属经济区 China's exclusive economic waters  

中国移动通信公司 China Mobile  

中国预防医学科学院 the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine

中国证监会 China's Securities Regulatory Commission  

中国证券监督管理委员会 China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC)  

中国政协委员 member of the National Committee of CPPCC  

重合同,守信用 abide by contracts and keep one's words; honor credit and promise

《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》 Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumers' Rights and Interests  

中华人民共和国渔政渔港监督管理局 Administration of Fishery and Fishing Harbor Supervision of the PRC  

《中华人民共和国领海及毗连区法》 The Law on China's Territorial Waters and Their Contiguous Areas  

中华世纪坛 China Millennium Monument  

中华医学会 Chinese Medical Association  

中介 intermediary agent  

中介服务 intermediary services

中空装 belly shirt. (When I became pregnant, I found I can no longer wear the belly shirt.当我怀孕以后,我发现不能穿中空装了。)

众口难调 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.; One man's meat is another man's poison.  

中立国 neutralized state

中流砥柱 mainstay; chief cornerstone

《中美三个联合公报》 The Three Sino-US Joint Communiqués  

(中美)战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other

(股票的)中签 win the lot for IPO

(股票的)中签率 lot winning rate  

中日友好四项原则:和平友好,平等互利,互相信赖,长期稳定 The four principles of Sino-Japanese friendship: peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, mutual trust, and long-term stability

中山装 Chinese tunic suit

终审权 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval

终身职务制 life-long tenure

中式快餐 Chinese fast food

众矢之的 target of public criticism

中外合资企业 Sino-foreign joint venture

中文信息处理系统 Chinese information processing system

(美国)中下层南方共和党人 pickup-truck Republican  

中心环节 key link

中型商用飞机 mid-size G200 business jets  

中央财政预算 central budget

中央大型企业工委 Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises  

中央国家机关 China's State organs  

中央纪律检查委员会 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC

中央经济工作会议 the Central Economic Working Conference  

中央领导集体 central collective leadership

中央商务区 central business district CBD

中央统战部 United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee  

中央政法委 the Political and Judiciary Commission under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

中央综治委“严打”整治斗争检查组 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security.  

中药 traditional Chinese medicine

种植业 crop farming

中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student  

中子弹 neutron bomb

重灾区 the harder-hit area

《重大动物疫情应急条例》 Emergency Measures for Handling Major Animal Epidemics

重点抽查 a spot test with a focus on; a spot test focusing on

重点优抚对象 key entitled groups  

终点站 terminal

中国扶贫基金会 China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation

中国互联网信息中心 China Internet Network Information Centre

中国名牌 Chinese brand names

中国强制认证 China Compulsory Certification

中国银行业监督管理委员会 China Banking Regulatory Commission

中国印 舞动的北京” Chinese Seal – Dancing Beijing

中华老字号 China's Time-Honored Brand

《中华人民共和国公司法》 Company Law of the People's Republic of China

终生职业 job-for-life; lifetime career

终身教授 full professor (He was promoted to a full professor at age 24.)

终身禁赛 life-time ban (Doping at the Olympic Games will result in a life-time ban for Chinese athletes, the General Administration of Sports said.国家体育总局已宣布,如果中国运动员在奥运会上被发现违反兴奋剂规则,将被终身禁赛。)

中暑 heat stroke

纵向兼并 vertical merger

中小金融机构的重组改造 restructuring of small and medium-sized financial institutions

肿眼泡 puffy eye

洲际弹道导弹 intercontinental ballistic missiles  

主办2008年奥运会 host the 2008 Olympic Games  

诸边协议 plurilateral agreement  

注册会计师 certificated public accountant (CPA)

注册资本 registered capital

主场 home field

主持人 anchor people  

主导工业 leading industry

住房补贴 rental allowance;housing allowance

住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation  

住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments)  

主辅分离,辅业改制 separate secondary lines of business from core business, turn secondary lines into independent companies.

驻港部队 People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong  

主观能动性 subjective initiative

主观主义,形式主义和官僚主义作风 a subjective, formalistic, and bureaucratic style of work

逐行扫描 progressive scan (high-frequency mode)

主叫方付费 caller-pays system

猪流感 swine flu. (A swine flu virus that has killed up to 81 people in Mexico "could start a global epidemic", the WHO warned Saturday night.世卫组织于周六晚宣布,死亡人数达81人的墨西哥猪流感疫情有"在全球广泛爆发的可能"

主流媒体 mainstream media (Traditional mainstream media, including State-owned newspapers and TV stations, have responded positively in 2009 in following up on news leaked through blogs, according to the report.传统的主流媒体,包括国有报纸和电视台,都在2009年对博客中透露的新闻做出了积极回应和跟踪报道。)

珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Qomolangma

助跑 "approach run, run-up"  

主渠道 main channel

主权豁免 sovereign immunity

株式会社 joint-stock corporation

主体经济 mainstay of the economy  

主体思想 (DPRKJuche Idea  

逐项审批 examination and approval on a case-by-case basis

注销 withdraw;write-off;cancel

助学行动 activity to assist the impoverished students

主页 home page

住宅小区 residence community  

抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves  

抓大放小,三改一加强 (Efforts were focused on) the reform, reorganization, upgrading and better management of enterprises, aiming at well managing large enterprises while adopting more flexible policies toward small ones

抓好 pay adequate attention to  

抓住机遇,深化改革,扩大开放,促进发展,保持稳定 seize the opportunity, deepen reform, open China wider to the outside world, promote development and maintain stability

抓住机遇 seize the opportunity  

转败为胜 turn the tables (on someone)

专访 exclusive interview

转轨 transfer to a different track; retracking

转轨经济 economies in transition; transition economy

转化机制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms  

转基因的 genetically modified

转基因生物 GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms)  

转基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food)  

(争端解决)专家组 panel  

转经筒 prayer wheel

专利产品,仿冒必究 patented product(s), counterfeiting not allowed

专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store

专门的营销机构 market boards  

专门人才 professional personnel; special talents

(重要而难懂的)专门术语 buzzword ; jargon  

转配股 transferred allotted shares

专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study  

转世灵童 reincarnated soul boy

专属经济区 exclusive economic zone

转体 truck rotation, turn, twist  

专题报道 special coverage

转业 transferred to civilian work

专业化分工 division of labor based on specialization

专业化经营 specialized operation

转移支付 transfer payment

转租房屋 sublet houses (According to a regulation from the State Administration of Taxation in mid November, landlords and anyone who profits from subletting houses have to pay tax.根据国家税务总局11月中旬公布的最新法规,今后房东以及任何通过转租房屋获利的个人均需纳税。)

转变政府管理职能 transform the functions of government

转播 relay-broadcasting or TV stations broadcast programs from other stations

壮大县城经济 expand intra-county econmies

撞线 breast the tape  

壮大县域经济 expand intra-county economies

转基因玉米 genetically modified organism (GMO) corn

专利许可 patent grant

专项资金 special funds

转移支付制度 the transfer payment system

主板市场 main board market

注册记者 registered journalists (A total of 9154 registered journalists have checked in to cover the Olympics by midday Tuesday.截至2912时,北京奥运会注册记者报到人数为9154人。)

主场 home court (Wang Yi, the mainland's Taiwan affairs chief, said Chinese Taipei athletes participating in the Olympics should treat Beijing as home court and their mainland compatriots would be cheering for them.国务院台办主任王毅说,台湾选手完全可以把北京当作自己的主场,大陆同胞一定会为他们加油助威。)

住房交易税费 housing transaction taxes and fees (An executive meeting of the State Council chaired by Premier Wen Jiabao on October 17 called for scaling up the construction of affordable houses and lowering housing transaction taxes and fees so that more people could buy homes. The meeting also analyzed the current economic situation and arranged the economic work in the 4th quarter.国务院总理温家宝17日主持召开国务院常务会议,分析当前经济形势,安排部署四季度经济工作。会议要求,加大保障性住房建设规模,降低住房交易税费,支持居民购房。)

追潮族 fashion follower

追车族 auto fan

追赶型和跨越式发展 pursuant and leap-forward development  

追究责任 call to account; ascertain where the responsibility lies  

坠落的残骸、碎片 falling debris

追平 score the equalizer  

追星族 star fan; groupie

追求进步 pursue progress

主流出版物 mainstream publications

主谋 mastermind (Afghan officials blamed Pakistan for masterminding the deadly bombing outside the Indian Embassy, saying the attack had the hallmarks of a Pakistani intelligence agency.阿富汗官员指责巴基斯坦是印度大使馆爆炸事件的幕后主谋,并称这次攻击事件具有该国情报机构的特征。)

准备金 reserve fund; capital reserves

准博士 all but dissertation (ABD)  

准妈妈 mother-to-be

准上市公司 pro-listed companies  

主任记者 Associate Senior Reporter

主人翁精神 sense of ownership

注水肉 Water-injected meat (Water-injected meat: the UK's latest food scandal?)

住宿费 accommodation fee

主体功能区(城市发展的) development priority zone

资本产权 capital property rights

资本充足率 capital adequacy ratio

资本充足率 capital adequacy ratio  

资本额过多 overcapalisation

资本利润率 rate of return on capital  

资本流出渠道 channels for capital outflow

资本市场 capital market

资本外逃 capital flight

资本主义自由化 capitalist liberalization

资不抵债 insolvency

资产保值增值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value  

资产剥离 peel off (bad) assets of a company  

资产重组 reorganized assets; assets reorganization

资产负债表 balance sheet  

资产管理 assets control;assets management  

资产阶级自由化 bourgeois liberalization  

资产泡沫 asset bubble (With Chinese banks' record new lending in 2009 igniting fears about asset bubbles and bad loan, the banking regulator's latest rules aim to bring financial risk under control. 2009年中国银行业刷新了贷款纪录,这一形势引发了人们对资产泡沫和不良贷款的担忧,而银行监管部门新近制定的法规,其目标就是为了防控金融风险。)

资产评估 asset assessment

资产调控 assets control  

资产置换 replacement of assets

资产置换 assets swap

自产自销 sell what one produces; self-marketing

子弹头列车 bullet train

自动倒闭 voluntary bankruptcy

自动柜员机 automatic teller machine (ATM)  

自发罢工,野猫式罢工(未经工会批准的罢工) wildcat strikes  

自费留学 go to study abroad at one's own expense  

自费研究生 self-supporting graduate student

子公司 subsidiary company

自画像 self-portrait (One of the paintings appears to be Hitler’s self-portrait.其中一幅被疑是希特勒的自画像。)

资金到位 fully funded (project)

资金划拨 capital allocation  

资金汇划 fund remittance and transfer  

自控系统 robot control system(RCS)

自留地 land set aside for peasants to cultivate for private use

自留山 hilly land allotted for private use

自律机制 the self-discipline system  

姊妹楼,又称双子座,美国世贸中心的主要建筑 twin towers  

自然保护区 natural reserve; nature preservation zone  

自然耗损 natural wearing  

自然资源保护区 natural resource protection areas

自杀式爆炸 suicide bomber . (A suicide bomber killed at least 28 people and wounded 57 others Sunday at a police academy in Baghdad.伊拉克首都巴格达一警察学校外8日发生自杀式爆炸袭击,造成至少28人死亡、57人受伤.)

自杀式袭击者 suicide bombers. (Iraqi forces arrested 4 children, all under 14, who are allegedly linked to al-Qaida and training to become suicide bombers.伊拉克安全部队近日抓获4名接受"基地"组织自杀式袭击训练的儿童。)

自杀未遂 unsuccessfully attempted suicide. (Ex-chairman of Gome Appliances Huang Guangyu, who remains in police custody for alleged illegal share trading, has unsuccessfully attempted suicide.因涉嫌操纵股价而被拘押的国美电器前主席黄光裕不堪压力,日前在看守所自杀未遂。)

自杀性爆炸/进攻 Suicide bombing/attack

资深 senior

自我保护意识 self-protection awareness  

自学成才 become well-educated through self-study

自学考试 self-study examination  

自学考试教材 self-taught examination textbooks

咨询热线 counseling hotline (Six counseling service hotlines were opened Sunday by the regional health bureau in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, after the July 5 riot, Xinhua reported.据新华社报道,新疆维吾尔自治区卫生厅透露,自周日起,新疆专门开通6条心理咨询专线,以抚慰"7•5"事件人们的心理创伤。)

自营 self-run  

自营性存款 self-operating deposit  

自由搏击选手 kickboxer

自由港 free-trade portfree port  

自由竞争 free competition

自由流通 free flow

自由贸易区 free-trade zone

自由职业者 free lance

资源节约型社会 a conservation-minded society

资源配置 the distribution (allocation) of resources  

资源优化配置 optimizing the distribution of resources

自治权 autonomy

《资治通鉴》 History as a Mirror  

自主创业 become self-employed

自主经营,自负盈亏 make one's own management decisions and take full responsibility for one's own profits and losses

自助银行 self-help bank  

自主知识产权 proprietary intellectual property rights

自足经济 self-sufficient economy

自作自受 stew in one’s own juices  

资产管理公司 assets management company

自动重拨 automatic redial

资金密集型 capital-intensive  

自谋职业 find jobs on one’s own

资深服装设计师 veteran fashion designer

自由行 self-guided tour

资源型城市转型 transformation of resource-dependent cities

资源开发补偿机制 mechanisms to compensate for resource depletion

资源税 resource tax

自治区 autonomous region

自治县 autonomous county

自治州 autonomous prefecture  

自助餐厅 buffet restaurant

自助银行 self-service bank

自助游 do-it-yourself travel; independent travel

自助游 self-service travel  

总裁助理 assistant president  

总公司 head office; headquarters

综合国力 comprehensive national strength  

综合经济效益 overall economic efficiency; composite economic results

综合利用率 the rate of multipurpose utilization

综合授信 comprehensive credit line  

综合素质 comprehensive quality

综合业务数字网 ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)  

综合整治 comprehensive improvement

(农产品)综合支持量 AMS (Aggregate Measurement of Support)  

综合治理 comprehensive treatment  

综合指数 composite index  

总机 switchboard

总经理负责制 general- manager responsibility system  

(各州推选组成的)总统选举团 electoral college  

综艺节目 variety show

走过场 go through the motions

走后门 get in by the back door

走俏 sell well

走上良性发展的轨道 going on the track of sound progress  

走新型工业化道路 Take a new road to industrialization

走形式 go through the motions(He went through the motions of welcoming her friends but quickly left the room.他走形式地欢迎了一下她的朋友,转眼就离开了房间。)

走穴 "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to "  

阻碍司法 obstruction of justice  

祖传 handed down from one's ancestors

最低工资保障制度 minimum-wage guarantee system

最低生活保证制度 system for ensuring a minimum standard of living

组阁 organize the cabinet

祖国和平统一大业 peaceful reunification of the motherland

租赁企业 leased enterprise

组委会 organizing committee

足浴 Foot massage (Even in an economy suffering severe economic pain, many foot massage centers are still bustling with customers, both Chinese and foreigners.即便目前经济低迷,许多足浴中心仍是门庭若市,华洋共享。 )

组织关系 membership credentials

钻空子 avail oneself of a loophole; exploit an advantage; take the advantage of the loopholes of

最不发达国家 Least-developed countries (LDCs)

最初谈判权(初谈权) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights)  

最后的投票 make the final vote  

最惠国待遇 Most-favored-nation Treatment

最终用户 end user

(电影、电视奖项)最佳新人奖 Best new performer

最卖座的艺人 top-selling artist

遵纪守法、廉洁奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties  

做好资源型城市经济转型 transform the resource-based economies of certain cities

做假帐 salt a false account

左倾 pinko  

坐视不管 sit back and look unconcernedsit by and do nothing

作秀 show; make a show

左右为难 between the devil and the deep blue sea; between the rock and the hard place

坐牢 behind bars  

座谈会 symposia (Professionals from the Chinese mainland and Taiwan discussed issues including economic and financial cooperation in the symposia held Wednesday.5日举行的座谈会上,海峡两岸专家讨论了经济金融合作等议题。)

作秀 publicity stunt