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Syllabus of Human Embryology

                                              PART 1   General Embryology


To have a good grasp on:

1.         Principles of human embryology

2.         Importance of human embryology

3.         Structure and function of sperm and oocyte

4.         Process and significance of fertilization

5.         Cleavage and formation of blastocyst

6.         Implantation

7.         Formation of embryonic layers and differentiation

8.         Fetal membrane and placenta

9.         Stem cell and embryonic stem cell

To familiarize with:

1.         Meiosis and gametogenesis

2.         Acrosome reaction and capacitation of sperm

3.         Face development and common anomalies

To have an overview on:

1.         Fertilization and its regulation



                                             PART 2   Systems-Based Embryology


I.   Cardiovascular System

To have a good grasp on:

1.       Constituent of embryonic cardiovascular system

2.       Development of heart

3.       Characteristics of fetal circulation and changes occur at birth

4.       Common congenital anomalies of cardiovascular system

To familiarize with:

1.         Development of aortic arch



II.  Digestive System & Respiratory System

To have a good grasp on:

1.         Formation of primitive gut

2.         Development of intestine

3.         Formation and evolution of cloaca

4.         Development of pancreas and liver

5.         Development of laryngotracheal diverticulum

6.         Some congenital malformations of digestive tract

To familiarize with:

1.         Congenital malformations of the respiratory system

2.         Development of esophageal and stomach



III.  Urogenital System

To have a good grasp on:

1.         Development of metanephros and bladder

2.         Polycystic kidney and urachal fistula

3.         Development and movement of primordial germ cells and development of testis

4.         Development of mesonephric duct; occurrence of cryptorchidism and congenital inguinal hernia

5.         Development of paramesonephric duct

To familiarize with:

1.         Development of pronephros and mesonephros

2.         Sex determination

3.         Occurrence of hermaphroditism and testicular feminization syndrome

4.         Development of ovary

5.         Occurrence of some congenital malformations

To have an overview on:

1.       Development of urethra

2.       Other congenital abnormalities of urinary system

3.       Occurrence of ectopic testis, hypospadias, congenital hydrocele, agenesis of penis, and congenital deficiency of 5α reductase