新闻学院《媒介与社会性别》本科生授课提纲(The Outline of Media and Gender)

The Outline of Media and Gender



1.Prof. CAO JIN(28学时)
Professor of Media Sociology and Critical Communication Theory, Directorof the Center for the Digital-Media and Communication Studies at Fudan University& University of Shanghai for Science and Technology;Harvard-YenchingInstitute Visiting Scholar in 2009-2010,Journalism School at Fudan 

2. Prof.Bradley S. Epps(10学时)
Professor, Romance Languages andLiteratures; Department Chair, Studies in Women, Gender, and Sexuality atHarvard University,
Web Page:

3. Prof.Nadine Hubbs(6学时)
Professor ofWomen's Studies and Music and Faculty Associate in American Culture, anddirector of the Lesbian-Gay-Queer Research Initiative (LGQRI),University ofMichigan. Her research focuses on gender and queer studies, 20th- and21st-century U.S. culture, and social class in popular and classical music, andher writings have treated topics including Leonard Bernstein, tonal modernism,1970s disco, Morrissey, Radiohead, and country music.

4. Prof. Wei Wei(4学时)
华东师范大学社会发展学院副教授,研究方向为城市/空间社会学‚性别/“性"研究和定性研究方法(Urban/Spatial Sociology, Gender/SexualityStudies, and Qualitative Methods)。

5.Prof.Michael Bronski(6学时)
Senior Lecturer, Women's, Gender, & Sexuality Studies and Jewish Studies
Professor of the Practice in Media and Activism, Studies of Women, Gender, and Sexuality,Harvard University.

6. Prof.Shani Orgard(2学时)
Associate Professor, Programme Director MSc Media and Communications
The LondonSchool of Economics and Political Science. She has a Masters and a PhD in Mediaand Communications from the LSE. Her research interests include gender and the media, media representations and contemporary culture, representations ofsuffering, new media, the Internet and computer-mediated communication,narrative and media, media and everyday life, media and globalisation, health and new media and methodological aspects of doing Internet research. In 2008 Shani won an LSE Teaching Prize for Outstanding Teaching Performance.

7. Prof. Lin xi(2学时)
PhD (LSE),Reader in Political Philosophy, associate editor-in-chief of Fudan Journal ofthe Humanities and Social Sciences (published by Springer), and assistant deanof IAS-Fudan.


授课方式:本课程由新闻学院哈佛燕京学者、富布莱特学者曹晋教授主持,同时邀请国际著名学者Bradley Epps、Nadine Hubbs、Michael Bronski、Shani Orgard教授等联合讲授,课程要求学生深入阅读中英文文献并积极参与课堂讨论,英文讲授之后,曹老师有中文阐释,师生互动、教学相长,希望培养学生深刻的反思与敏锐的判断分析能力。

Teaching Approaches: Instructor will give lectures, and help students read and translateclassical writings and essays in English. Topic analyses will require studentsto participate actively with good preparation. Discussion sessions will mostlya platform for students to share their thoughts and ideas.

考试:闭卷Close-book exam

一、开课目的及其意义:The Goal and Meanings of This Course

1. To explore thetheoretical prospects in teaching and to introduce topics onforward curriculum at the JournalismSchool.

2. To analyze the complexrelationship between media and gender.

3. To help studentscultivate a basic understanding of the structural configuration of Media andGender, to reflect and critique the process of Knowledge production, to findthe power behind the social change, and to elevate the sensitiveness toward genderissues.

4. To advocate the Mediamodel that calls for equal rights and unbiased gender views, and toencourage women to fight for their own wellbeing.




Histories Origins andtheoretical Trajectories, Foundations


第一章 导论:社会性别,一种社会建构

Introduction:Gender, a Social Construct

Sex: what our genes are
Sex identity: what we think we are
Sexual orientation: whom we like
Sexual behavior: what we do

1、Oakley,Ann (1972),Sex, Gender and Society.London:Temple-Smith.
2、Joan Scott(1986), “Gender:A Useful Category of Historical Analysis” ,American Historical Review,91, no. 5, December 1986,《社会性别:一个有用的历史分析范畴》。
3、Gayle Rubin (1975),"TheTraffic of Women: Notes on the Political Economy of Sex" ,in Toward an Anthropology of Women, editedby Rayna R. Reiter,NewYork and London:Monthly Review Press: p157-210. 《女人交易:性的“政治经济学”初探》
4. Sue Curry Jansen(2002),Critical Communication Theory: Power,Media, Gender ,and Technology, Roman and Littlefield Publications: Lanham.

二、立场:Women’s Rights as HumanRights妇女权利是人权

(一)Rights Regime 权利政体
(二)The subject of rights 权利主体
(三)Redefining human rights as women’s rights 重新界定作为妇女权利的人权
(四)Right Problems in WomenCommunication妇女传播的权利问题
1、Media Accessibility 媒介近用权
2、Change DistortCommunication to Ideal Communication Situation改变扭曲传播为理想沟通情境


(一)、Early Work: Exposing Assumption早期工作——揭示假设
1、Rereading operative paradigms fortheir gendered assumptions重读操作范式,找出社会性别化假设
2、Exposing the non-objectivity andnon-neutrality of the mass communication揭示大众传播的非客观性\非中立性
3、Proposing the situated nature ofall Media-knowledge production提出一切媒介知识生产的(具体)时空本质

(二)、New Issues and New Paradigm 研究主题与新范式
2、Genderinstitutes( Gender ideology)社会性别制度(社会性别意识形态)
3、Audiences andIdentity受众与认同


2、【荷兰】Van Zoonen著, 曹晋 曹茂(2007)译,《女性主义媒介研究》,桂林:广西师范大学出版社。
3、Harding, Sandra(1986), The Science Question in Feminism, Ithaca, NY: CornellUniversity Press.
4、Gauntlett ,David(2002),Media ,Gender and Identity: An Introduction ,London: Routledge.


第二章 媒介与社会性别研究的学术渊源与理论脉络
Histories Origins andtheoretical Trajectories, Foundations

一、社会运动的营养:The Social Movements’ Nutrition

Contexts and Claims 脉络与主张
The First Wave of Feministmovement第一次女性主义运动
The Second Wave of Feminist movement第二次女性主义运动
The Third Wave of Feminist movement第三次女性主义浪潮


(一)、Liberal Feminism自由主义
(二)、Radical Feminism激进主义
(三)、 Socialist Feminism社会主义
(四)、Marxist Feminism马克思主义
(五)、Post-Modernist Feminism后现代主义
(六)、Culture Feminism文化女性主义
(七)、Ecology feminism生态女性主义
(八)、Transnational Feminism跨国女性主义
(九)、Psychoanalysis Feminism精神分析女性主义
(十)、Lesbian’s Feminism女同性恋女性主义

三﹑Theorizing Subjectivity: 构建主体性理论
(一)、Subjects and Power主体和权力
(三)、 Experience经验
(四)、 Femininity女性气质
(六)、 Body身体
(七)、 Positionality位置性
(八)、 Equality and Difference平等和差异

(九)、 Intersectionality 交叉性



3、Jansen, Sue Curry (2002), Critical Communication Theory:Power、Meida, Gender, and Technology. Boston: Rowman &Littlefield Publishers.
4、Connell, R.W(1998),“Masculinitiesand Globalization”, Men and Masculinites,Sage: pp.3-23.
6、Cnythia Enloe(2004), 《在阿布格莱布运用男性气质:美国军事丑闻的女性主义解读》,韩国汉城:Asian Journal of Women’s Studies, 2004,9,30, No.10.


第三章 媒介,社会性别,性存在和文化研究

Media, Gender, Sexuality and Cultural Studies


一、Shorthistory of Cultural Studies in Britain and the U.S. Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, Birmingham, England

Cultural Studies in the U.S.

Transnational Cultural Studies


二、Important Theories Explanation
    A unit on Engels, the family, privateproperty, and the state (a Marxist perspective), another on Freud andpsychoanalysis, another on Lévi-Strauss and structural anthropology (the lastchapter of The Elementary Structures of Kinship), and another unit on Simone deBeauvoir’s The Second Sex (the first chapter, on biology and “destiny”),as well as feminist critiques of all ofthe above (Engels, Freud, Lévi-Strauss). Another unit could be devoted to LGBT studies and “queer theory,” withan article by Judith Butler (“Imitation and Gender Insubordination), a shortchapter by Eve Sedgwick (on homosociality vis-à-vis homosexuality), and achapter or two from Ann Fausto-Sterling’s work on intersexuality andtransgenderism (which scientifically disputes, even rejects, themasculine/feminine binary as holding for ALL human beings). We could also do a unit on cinema and visualculture, very important for a course on media, with works by Laura Mulvey andher critics.


三、SpecialStudies : Media , Gender, Sexuality and Culture Studies
1. MichelFoucault’s History of Sexuality
2.Recent documentary on Lesbian and Gay visibility inCuba
3.Passing Lines: Immigration and Sexuality
4. Print media and Lesbians identity


1﹑Lawrence Grossberg(1997), “CulturalStudies: What’s in a Name (One More Time)”, Bringing it All Back Home:Essays on Cultural Studies, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
2、Bradley Epps(2008),“‘No todo se perdió en Cuba’: Spain betweenEurope and Africa in the Wake of 1898.” In National Identities and EuropeanLiteratures/Nationale Identitäten und Europäische Literaturen. Eds. J. ManuelBarbeito, Jaime Feijóo, Antón Figueroa, and Jorge Sacido. Bern: Peter Lang,2008. 147-171.


第四章 女性主义与传播政治经济学的联结

The Connections of Feminist Theory and Political Economy

    This Chapter attempts tobuild connections between feminist theory and political economy, particularlyas they apply to labour, and to show how the information and communicationsector offers a substantive base for exploring that relationship.




1、加拿大学者米歇尔·马丁(Michèle Martin)在《电话体系形成的社会性别、技术与文化》(Hello Central?: Gender,Technology, and Culture in the Formation of Telephone Systems, 1991)一书,作者研究了加拿大的蒙特利尔的Bell公司丰富的却尚未被发掘的成就,参阅美国的情况,论著从电话发明时期至系统自动化阶段(1876——1920),检视加拿大电话系统的发展,尤其在安大略和在魁北克的发展情况,作者强调的是新技术的发展为妇女提供了新的职业工作,赋予新的社会地位,和新文化实践发展中政治经济学的关系以及妇女在新文化实践中的作用。作者抛开了以往技术仅由男性决定和操纵,或是占统治阶级具有政治权利的男子主导技术发展和趋势的传统思想,而从女性主义的角度,融入传播政治经济学,意在展现妇女对传播技术与电话产业所做出的积极贡献。电话在其历史的最初25年里,仅仅被当成男人专用的做生意的工具。其家用功能,如妇女使用其来传播流言和秘密、交换菜谱,以及其他诸如此类的功能,最初被认为是破坏性的,在利益动机主导一切之前,电话公司不鼓励甚至贬低这些功能,意识形态也跟在后面附和。后来聊天被合法化了,广告甚至开始鼓励把电话当成帮手、伙伴和主妇必需品。Bell电话公司由一个小型的企业向大型的、私人垄断的、注重要求生产量增长的电话产业垄断公司发展,电话接线员对于电话商业的发展与公司业务的利润尤其重要。一种女性主义的方法揭示了在电话业早期发展的大部分时间,“甜美、温顺的女性气质”的个性被赋予了当时的女性,管理层对她们进行的最大程度的剥削,是电话行业的发展和电话公司获利的最大的来源。经理们发现,雇用男性电话接线员来拓展业务是困难重重的,因为在男性身上,找不到社会对女性反复灌输的顺从性格。大多数的电话用户来自中产阶级或是中产阶级以上,他们和电话接线员的关系就好像商人和秘书之间的关系,或者是一个中产阶级的女性和她的仆人。也就是说,妇女为电话产业输出了当时发展所急需的廉价劳动力和匹配于电话产业服务的温柔甜美的女性气质,但最后,Bell电话公司因技术更新、产业垄断性竞争,却淘汰了电话发展历史上贡献良多的妇女接线员。可见,电话交流促进了妇女社会化和家庭之外的联系,但劳工阶级妇女并不能因为电话的普及使用而逾越阶级的鸿沟。


2、曹晋的微观研究《传播新技术、社会性别与阶级:以流移上海的家政钟点女工的手机使用分析为例》(New Communication Technology , Gender ,and Class: Case Study of Analysising the Cell-Phone Use byMigrating Domestic Women in Shanghai)

Abstract:By focusing on an ethnographic analysis, this paper foregrounds a casestudy of the cell-phone use by domestic women , an Anhuiprovince women who now work as an hourly-paid domestic worker in Shanghai. The articledemonstrates how cell-phones play an important role in Chinese rural women’sadaptation to urban life today along with the marketlization and socializationof domestic service industry in China’smetropolitans. In this process, domestic women left their son or daughter for the time being and swarmed into afar-away and strange city with her husband. Living through worries and hopes,fears and wanderings everyday, they manage to monitor distantly their child’sgrowing-up and to carry out mothering duties via cell-phone communications.This article will further discuss that intensified through the urban and ruraldifference and area’s divide at the juncture of modernization in the 21stcentury China, popular using of new communication technology and marketlizationof Reproductive Labor how to reconfiguration the class and gender position of migratingdomestic women .

Keywords:Migrating Domestic Women,Cell-PhoneUsing,Gender Class



1、H. Leslie Steeves and JanetWasko(2002),“Feminist Theory andPolitical Economy: Toward a Friendly Alliance”,in E. Meehan and E. Riordan ,eds.,Sex & Money: Feminismandpolitical economy in the media,Minneapolis,MN: University of Minnesota Press.
3、Michèle Martin(1991),Hello Central?: Gender,Technology, and Culture in the Formation of Telephone Systems,Montreal:McGill-Queen's University Press.
5、Eileen R. Meehan (2002),“Genderingthe Commodity Audience: Critical Media Research, Feminism, and PoliticalEconomy” ,In Sex and Money: Feminism and Political Economy in the Media, Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 209-222.
6、Oscar H. Gandy Jr.(2000),“Race,Ethnicity ,and the Segmentation of Media Markets”,inMass Media and Society, James Curranand Micheal Gurevitch (eds.), London: Arnold Pub. Corp., p44-69.



Special Topics of Media andGender Studies

第五章 媒介生产与社会性别编码

Media Production and the Encoding of Gender

一﹑媒介生产的机制The mechanism of media production

二﹑编码与解码理论Encodingand decoding

三﹑媒介生产的社会性别结构Thegendered structure of media production

1.Hall, S. (1980) Encoding/decoding,in Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, (ed.) Culture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972-79.London:Hutchinson.
2.Hall, Stuart & Hobson, Dorothy& Lowe & Willis, P.(eds) ( 1980),Culture ,Media, Language,128-138,London:Hutchinson.
3.Hall, Stuart(1997), ed. Representation: Cultural Representationsand Signifying Practices, Sage Publications in association with The OpenUniversity.
4.【荷兰】Van Zoonen著(1994),曹晋,曹茂(2007)译,《女性主义媒介研究》,第四章, 桂林:广西师范大学出版社,第58-87页。
5.张锦华柯永辉(1995), 《媒体女人, 女人的媒体》, 台北:硕人.
6.张锦华(2002), 《女为阅己者瘦:媒介效果与主体研究》,台北:正中书局.


第六章 社会性别与媒介收讯

Gender and Media Reception

一﹑阅读言情小说Readingthe Romance

二﹑电视与家庭Television and the family

三﹑社会性别的机制Technologiesof Gender

四﹑案例研究1: A Study of the Lesbian’sHealth Hotline in Peripheral City(byCaojin and Caomao)

    “云南女同健康热线”,在中英项目执行期结束之后,因其对和谐社会(harmony society)的重要影响而得到云南健康教育所、云南省政府的认同,继续服务,打破了资源配置的权力结构与地理空间的等级区隔,凸显出西部女同性恋者的主体性,维护了女同性恋者的媒介近用权。可见,健康热线的设立与机构化已展现出中国西部专业人士与女同志愿者对社会主流意识的偏见和政策不公正进行坚持不懈的努力,这是中国女同社会运动的重要里程碑。因此,借助国际资源,不失为女同性恋者推进公共政策关怀与社会运动的有效策略。



2、曹晋,曹茂(2007),AStudy of the Lesbian’s Health Hotline in a Peripheral City,Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 2008(Summer)
3、 Wang,Y.K.(1999).“Tongzhi Equal Rights Movement”, in Sex Relationship: Gender and Culture ,Representation, Taibei: Psychoco Publishing Ltd.pp.247-251
4、Radway ,Janice (1992), Reading the Romance: Women,Patriarchy, andPoPular Literature,Chapel Hill:University of North Carolina Press.
5、Rakow,L.F. (1992),Women Making Meaning :New Feminist Directions in Communication,London: Routledge.
6、Rakow, Lana F.(1988), “Gendered Technology, Gendered Practice”,Critical Studies in MassCommunication, Vol.5. No.1. pp57-70.


第七章 妇女另类媒介与新社会运动

Women Alternative Media and New Social Movement

一﹑另类媒介的语境AlternativeMedia’s Contexts

    在经济、文化与学术的全球化整合语境中,一方面,全球媒介组织的彻底集中化、商业化、私人化与去管制化,对市民参与公共事务、了解公众问题与有效实施民主已经构成了威胁(Herman & McChesney,1997)。大众媒介机构以争取主流受众和广告商为课业,其媒介产品因全面追逐经济利益而背离民主原则,窄化了公共领域的空间,扭曲了弱势群体的形象再现。另一方面,1990年代兴起了多种文化主义(Multiculturalism)的理论(有别于优势阶层合法化其利益假定的自由主义的多元论——Pluralism),其为同性恋团体、妇女以及少数族群等弱势群体进行社会抗争提供了新的斗争力量。弱势族群与社群凭借自己生产的“另类媒介”,争取社会参与的平等地位,并力争差异的权益保障,以及维护其文化认同,从而实践多种文化主义的社会平等理念。



一、妇女另类媒介的结构特征 The structure Characteristics of Women Alternative Media

    妇女另类媒介要求把妇女看作是一个通过传播形成的群体,信息“来源”和“受众”是同一批人。更精确地说,妇女媒介的运作和最终原则是表达和激励特定妇女团体的观点。然而这些“特定”团体并非总是被清晰地指认出来,妇女媒介也经常夸大她们为全体妇女说话的能力。大多数妇女媒介允许男性的参与,但有所限制。目前,男性可以帮助妇女运作媒介(在挪威的一个妇女广播台,男性占了志愿者人数的三分之一),但男性极少编辑或出版女性主义期刊。当然,当代妇女媒介通常由妇女控制,并具有所有权, 是典型的去商业化\去等级化的妇女少数社群的声音。


二﹑新社会运动中的妇女另类媒介Women alternative Media in New Social Movement


案例分析: 中国大陆同性恋运动: 《朋友通信》、《同心》、《七彩天空》



3﹑Steiner,Linda(1992),The History and Structure of Women's Alternative Media." InLana Rakow, ed., Women Making Meaning:New Feminist Directions inCommunication.中文版管一珉曾妮沈俭译, 《中国传媒报告》,2007,1,第82-95.


第八章 信息社会、全球化经济与妇女劳工

Information Society ,andGlobalized Economy and Working Women

一、信息社会(后工业社会)的妇女处境The Women’s Situation in InformationSociety(or Post-industrial Society)

    Theorists of the post-industrial society have had asignificant influence on scholars and policy makers, guiding research on thegrowth of knowledge and service labour, the relative decline of the manufacturingsector in North America, and the varying andchanging skills this required. If there is a gap or a weak spot in this work,however, it is gender. Most scholars agree that an ever-shifting process ofdeskilling, upskilling, and reskilling is taking place in the occupationalhierarchy of knowledge workers in North Americaand beyond, but women are affected in different ways than men. Indeed, womenare likely to suffer more, experiencing deskilling and labour intensificationas they are pushed into work that constitutes the peripheral labour market, andinto jobs that are increasingly found in temporary help industries and in otherprecarious sectors (Wigfield 2001; Vosko 2000, 2006; Buchanan and Koch-Schulte2004; Menzies, 1996).


二、分析全球化资本主义语境中的妇女工作问题Analyzing“Women’s Work” in the contexts of Globalized Capitalism


1、印度家庭主妇和家庭副业劳动:纳萨布的饰带女工(Housewives and Homework: The Lacemakers of Narsapur)

2、移民妻子、母亲和工厂工作:硅谷的电子工人(Immigrant Wives, Mothers and Factory Work: Electronics Workersin the Silicon Valley)

1、Catherine McKercher,《劳动妇女:社会性别、政治经济和信息时代》,复旦大学新闻学院 “技术与制度:中国传媒改革开放三十年” 国际会议论文,上海,2008。
3、Chandra T. Monhanty(2003),“WomenWokers and Politics of Solidarity”,Feminism Without Borders: DecolonizingTheory, Practicing. Solidarity, Duke UniversityPress.
4、Ursula Huws(2003), The Making ofa Cybertariat: Virtual Work in a Real World,Monthly Review Press.


第九章 媒介与社会性别研究的方法探索

Methodology Inquiries ofMedia and Gender Studies

一﹑Qualitative versus Quantitative Research 质的研究与量的研究



二﹑作为过程的质的研究Qualitative Research as a Process

There are three, generic activities thatdefine the qualitative research process


Method or Epistemology 方法或认识论

Analysis or Methodology 分析或方法论

Theory or Ontology 理论或本体论

The method relies on the subjective writtenand verbal expressions of meaning about “subjects” experiences 这种方法依靠对于“主体”经验的主观叙述和文字表达。


三、阐释的策略Interpretative Research Strategies



1、【荷兰】Van Zoonen著, 曹晋 曹茂(2007)译,《女性主义媒介研究》第八章,第169-194页,桂林:广西师范大学出版社。
2﹑胡幼慧(2005), 《质性研究:理论﹑方法及本土女性研究实例》,台北:巨流图书公司.

2、[英] 安东尼·吉登斯 著,陈永国 汪民安 等译,《亲密关系的变革——现代社会中的性、爱和爱欲》,社会科学文献出版社,2001年2月第1版。
10、[美]Betty Friedan 著,程锡麟等译,《女性的奥秘》,广东经济出版社,2005年版。
12、贺萧著,韩敏中等译,《危险的愉悦 20世纪上海的娼妓问题与现代性》,江苏人民出版社2003年版。
13﹑【荷兰】van Zoonen著, 曹晋 曹茂(2007)译,《女性主义媒介研究》,桂林:广西师范大学出版社。
14、【美】CarolynKitch, 曾妮译, 曹晋审校(2006),《杂志封面女郎:美国大众媒介中视觉刻板形象的起源》,天津:天津人民出版社。
20、 斯皮瓦克著,陈永国等译(2007),《 从解构到全球化批判》,北京:北京大学出版社。
24、Catherine McKercher and Vincent Mosco(2007),Knowledge Workers in the Information Society, lanham and New York:Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
25、Connell, R.W.(1987.),Gender and Power,Stanford, Calif.: StanfordUniversityPress。
26、Harding, Sandra(1986), TheScience Question in Feminism, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
27、Jansen, Sue Curry (2002), CriticalCommunication Theory:Power、Meida, Gender,and Technology. Boston: Rowman & LittlefieldPublishers.中文版曹晋主译,复旦大学出版社,2007.
28、Macdonald, Myra (1995), RepresentingWomen: Myths of Femininity in the Popular Media, London:Edward Arnold.
29、Reinharz, S.(1992), FeministMethods in Social Research. NY: OxfordUniversity Press.
30、Rakow,L.F. (1992),Women Making Meaning :New Feminist Directions in Communication, London: Routledge.
31、Ursula Huws(2003), The Making ofa Cybertariat: Virtual Work in a Real World,Monthly Review Press.




Passing Lines: Immigration and Sexuality
Professor Brad Epps
Harvard University

一、Passingthe Lines并不单指穿越政治地理的界限或者物理的界限,而是指界限外的人为了符合和遵守界限内的文化标准和行为规范,努力改变、克服已有身份、行为习惯的过程。

二、介绍Passingthe Lines(“蒙混越界”)的各种形式以及控制移民的各项检查、审核制度,介绍了美国对种族与性别存在相对宽松和自由的制度、文化,促使很多人竭尽全力移民美国,而之后这些移民依然面临更多新的挑战。







Prof. Nadine Hubbs

University ofMichigan

一、启发同学从流行音乐文本解读其符号背后隐蔽的权力操纵,或者是学习交叉分析模式(Intersectionality Model, 即如阶级、种族、国家、社会性别、性存在等多重权力同时交织于主体,压制同时发生) ,或者是理解法国社会学家的文化品味、社会排斥、能指、所指、符号指涉等关键词都甚有助益。




The Representation of Homosexuality

in Chinese Mainstream Cinema 


Prof. Wei Wei

East China Normal University


1、中国酷儿电影在国际电影节和艺术电影圈的成功 (Lim 2006)




n媒体审查和关于同性恋的符号性灭绝(symbolic annihilation of homosexuality)



1、早期:“符号性灭绝”的整体状况下包含有同性恋“亚文本”(Subtext)或者“隐秘文本”(hidden text)

















Prof. Wei Wei

East China Normal University



2、直接走上街头, 以一种温和却有富有创意的方式,向社会传达性别平等的理念,行动者称其为“行为艺术”。








7、“抗争行动形式库”(repertoires of contention)




四、街头行为艺术: 新的抗争行动手法

 1、街头: 对于公共空间的探索和拓展。

2、艺术: 行动设计和形式创意。

3、行为/行动: 个人能动性和“去组织化”的组织策略。

4、讨论: 街头行为艺术的影响和效果。


[1] 郭婷. 多元化公共倡导手法的应用与差异[J]. 中国发展简报. 2013(01)

[2] 曾繁旭,黄广生,刘黎明. 运动企业家的虚拟组织:互联网与当代中国社会抗争的新模式[J].开放时代. 2013(03)

[3] 魏伟. 上海地铁女性着装“骚”“扰”之争:性别化公共空间的后果[J]. 妇女研究论丛. 2013(01)

[4] 俞志元. 集体性抗争行动结果的影响因素—一项基于三个集体性抗争行动的比较研究[J]. 社会学研究. 2012(03)

[5] 赵阳. 浅析“快闪”等街头行为艺术对社会治安秩序之影响[J]. 公安研究. 2012(05)

[6] 王曼. 如何有效开展街头公益行为艺术——以“受伤的新娘”及“占领男厕所”活动为例[J]. 中国发展简报. 2012(01)

[7] 陈晓运. 去组织化:业主集体行动的策略——以G市反对垃圾焚烧厂建设事件为例[J]. 公共管理学报. 2012(02)

[8] 陈晓运,段然. 游走在家园与社会之间:环境抗争中的都市女性——以G市市民反对垃圾焚烧发电厂建设为例[J]. 开放时代. 2011(09)

[9] 魏伟. “酷儿”视角下的城市性和空间政治[J]. 人文地理. 2011(01)

[10] 黄振辉. 表演式抗争:景观、挑战与发生机理——基于珠江三角洲典型案例研究[J]. 开放时代. 2011(02)

[11] 陈映芳. 行动者的道德资源动员与中国社会兴起的逻辑[J]. 社会学研究. 2010(04)

[12] 黄荣贵. 互联网与抗争行动:理论模型、中国经验及研究进展[J]. 社会. 2010(02)

[13] 魏伟. 从符号性灭绝到审查性公开:《非诚勿扰》对同性恋的再现[J]. 开放时代. 2010(02)

[14] 黎相宜. 精英型与草根型框架借用比较失地农民与知识精英的集体抗争[J].社会. 2009(06)

[15] 黄荣贵,桂勇. 互联网与业主集体抗争:一项基于定性比较分析方法的研究[J]. 社会学研究. 2009(05)

[16] 孙玮. 中国“新民权运动”中的媒介“社会动员”——以重庆“钉子户”事件的媒介报道为例[J]. 新闻大学. 2008(04)

[17] 董海军.“作为武器的弱者身份”:农民维权抗争的底层政治[J]. 社会. 2008(04)

[18] 刘能. 当代中国群体性集体行动的几点理论思考——建立在经验案例之上的观察[J]. 开放时代. 2008(03)

[19] 于建嵘. 农民维权与底层政治[J]. 东南学术. 2008(03)

[20] 应星. 草根动员与农民群体利益的表达机制——四个个案的比较研究[J].社会学研究. 2007(02)

[21] 施芸卿. 机会空间的营造——以B市被拆迁居民集团行政诉讼为例[J]. 社会学研究. 2007(02)

[22] 陈映芳. 行动力与制度限制:都市运动中的中产阶层[J]. 社会学研究. 2006(04)

[23] 孙立平. 1990年代中期以来中国社会结构的裂变[J]. 天涯. 2006(02)

[24] 佟新. 延续的社会主义文化传统——一起国有企业工人集体行动的个案分析[J].社会学研究. 2006(01)

[25] 张磊. 业主维权运动:产生原因及动员机制——对北京市几个小区个案的考查[J]. 社会学研究. 2005(06)

[26] 石发勇. 关系网络与当代中国基层社会运动——以一个街区环保运动个案为例[J]. 学海. 2005(03)

[27] 李苏鸣. “快闪族”行动与群体性突发事件[J]. 公安研究. 2005(06)

[28] 刘能. 怨恨解释、动员结构和理性选择——有关中国都市地区集体行动发生可能性的分析[J].开放时代.2004(04)

[29]Castells,M. (2007). Communication, power and counter-power in the network society.International journal of communication, 1(1), 29.

[30]Gitlin,T. (2013). Occupy's predicament: the moment and the prospects for the movement.The British journal of sociology, 64(1), 3-25.

[31]Iveson,K. (2013). Cities within the city: Do‐it‐yourself urbanism and the right to the city.International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37(3), 941-956.

[32]Lee, C.K. (1998). The labor politics of market socialism: collective inaction andclass experiences among state workers in Guangzhou. Modern China, 24(1), 3-33.

[33]McAdam,D., Tarrow, S., & Tilly, C. Dynamics of Contention (Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity, 2001);

[34]Agmon, T.,Attrup, L., Attrup, L., Attrup, L., Rasmussen, J. E., Attrup, L., .. &Mantere, S. (2003). Political Virtue and Shopping–Individuals, Consumerism andCollective Action.


Considering Hate: Violence, Goodness, And Justice in American Culture and Politics

Prof. Michael Bronski

Harvard University

一、Over the centuries American society has beenplagued by brutality fueled by disregard for the humanity of others: Systemicviolence against Native peoples, black people, and immigrants. More recentexamples include the Steubenville rape case and the murders of Matthew Shepard,Jennifer Daugherty, Marcelo Lucero, and Trayvon Martin. Most Americans see suchacts as driven by hate. But is this right? Longtime activists and politicaltheorists Kay Whitlock and Michael Bronski boldly assert that Americansociety’s reliance on the framework of hate to explain these acts iswrongheaded, misleading, and ultimately harmful.


二、All too often Americans choose to believe thatterrible cruelty is aberrant, caused primarily by “extremists” and misfits. Theinevitable remedy of intensified government-based policing, increasedsurveillance, and harsher punishments has never worked and does not work now.Stand-your-ground laws; the US prison system; police harassment of people of color,women, and LGBT people; and the so-called war on terror demonstrate that theremedies themselves are forms of institutionalized violence.


三、Considering Hate challenges easy assumptions andfailed solutions, arguing that “hate violence” reflects existing culturalnorms. Drawing upon social science, philosophy, theology, film, and literature,the authors examine how hate and common, even ordinary, forms of individual andgroup violence are excused and normalized in popular culture and politicaldiscussion. This massive denial of brutal reality profoundly warps society’sideas about goodness and justice.


四、Whitlock and Bronski invite readers to radicallyreimagine the meaning and structures of justice within a new framework ofcommunity wholeness, collective responsibility, and civic goodness.



1、Considering Hate:Violence, Goodness, and Justice in American Culture and Politics, with KayWhitlock (Beacon Press, January 2015).

2、"You Can TellJust by Looking" and 20 Other Myths about LGBT Life and People, with AnnePellegrini and Michael Amico (Beacon Press, October 2013). A 2014 LambdaLiterary Award Finalist: LGBT Nonfiction.

3、A Queer History ofthe United States (Beacon Press, May 2011). To view a trailer for the book,follow this URL: Winner of the 2012American Library Association's Israel Fishman Non-Fiction/Stonewall Award.

4、"Swords,Sandals, and Pre-Stonewall Sensibilities: Stealth Gay Sex in Kyle Onstott andLancer Horner's Child of the Sun," in The Lost Library: Gay FictionRediscovered. Edited by Tom Cardamone. Haiduk Press, New York, 2010.

5、Editor, QueerIdeas and Queer Action series, Beacon Press.

6、"DannyKaye" in Entertaining America: Jews, Movies, and Broadcasting. Edited byJ. Hoberman and Jeffrey Shandler. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2003.

7、Pulp Friction:Uncovering the Golden Age of Gay Male Pulps (St. Martins, 2003) (Lamda LiteraryAward for Best Anthology, 2003).

8、The PleasurePrinciple: Sex, Backlash and the Struggle for Gay Freedom (St. Martin's, 1998).

9、Editor, TakingLiberties: Gay Men's Essays on Politics, Culture, & Sex. Masquerade Books,New York, 1996 (Lambda Literary Award for Best Anthology, 1997).

10、Advisory Editor,Gay and Lesbian Biography. Gale Research, Detroit, MI, 1997.

11、Advisory Editor,Out-Standing Lives: Profiles of Lesbians and Gay Men. Visible Ink, Detroit, MI,1997.

12、Culture Clash: TheMaking of Gay Sensibility (South End Press, 1984).



Dr. Qian Wang

University of Liverpool




2、New media: the intensity of change

3、The newness of new media

4、The characteristics of new media








1、流行音乐的四重文本传播性别 构建性别

唤醒性别 表述性别

2、性/别研究的细化生理性别 社会性别

文化性别 音乐性别












Prof.Shani Orgard

The London School of Economics and Political Science













Gender Fluidity

Prof.Lin Xi

Fudan University

一、TheVictory of LGBTQ: Legalisation of the Same-sex Marriage

1、What NEXT? Agender
Genderless; gender-free

a term which can be literally translated as‘without gender’. It can be seen either as a non-binary gender identity or as astatement of not having a gender identity. People who identify as agender maydescribe themselves as one or more of the following: Genderless or lackinggender. Gender neutral. (Source: Gender Wiki,

2、Self-ridges Definition

Without agender (nongendered, genderless, agender; neutrois); moving between genders orwith a fluctuating gender identity (genderfluid); third gender orother-gendered; includes those who do not place a name to their gender.

3、Window Displays

"Not a mannequin in sight, ourchallenge with Agender was to create windows without using any gender forms.The result is something entirely abstract, allowing us to really focus on thedetail of the products. We want everyone to walk past the windows and beattracted to the items on display, completely unrestricted by traditionalgender ideas."

——Hannah Emslie - SeniorCreative Windows Manager


二、Gender Nonconforming/Gender Variant



Cisfemale/male self-identity corresponds to biological gender (the ajority ofhumanity)

Transgender/TransWoman/Trans Man

ShilohJolie-Pitt wants to be called “John”


Through surgical operation, to change one’s biological sex.

The Danish Painter Lili Elbe in The Danish Girl, one of the first transsexual womenin human history



Intersex:Biologically possessing features of both sexes

Androgyne/Androgynous:Who does not regard oneself as either a man or woman.This is mainly a psychological feature.

Two-Spirit:A word from North American Indian tribes, referring toone possessing both male and female mentalities, which approximates Androgyne。

Bigender:One who regards oneself to be both a man and woman(not necessarily 50/50)

Gender Fluid:Whose sense of gender fluctuates, totallydependent upon time and occasions. In a state of uncertainty

Pangender:Pansexuality isdifferent from bisexuality, where the latter refers to sexual attraction toboth sexes, while the former to sex-independent subjects.