参考书目及中英文对照
发布时间: 2010-03-22   浏览次数: 150

主要参考书目

1.   祝家镇主编.法医病理学(第二版).北京:人民卫生出版社,1999

2.   郭景元主编.实用法医手册.上海:上海科技教育出版社,1993

3.   郭景元主编.现代法医学.北京:科学出版社,2000

4.   徐英含主编.最新法医病理学.北京:世界图书出版公司,1996

5.   伍新尧主编.高级法医学.郑州:郑州大学出版社,2002

6.   张益鹄主编.法医病理学理论与实践.武汉:湖北科学技术出版社,1996

7.   吴家馼主编.法医学(第二版).北京:中国协和医科大学出版社,2000

8.   陈世贤主编.法医学.北京:法律出版社,1997

9.   黄光照,麻永昌等.中国刑事科学技术大全.法医病理学分册.北京:中国人民公安大学出版社,2002

10. 刘明铎主编.实用颅脑损伤学.北京:人民军医出版社,1994

11. 黎鳌等.现代创伤学.北京:人民卫生出版社,1996

12. 贺林.解码生命.人类基因组计划和后基因组计划.北京:科学出版社,2001

13. 邹平,胡鞍钢.人类·发展·前景·抉择.北京:学术书刊出版社,1990

14. 徐英含.实用法医病理学.北京:群众出版社,1984

15. 王振原.法医学鉴定书指南.北京:北京医科大学中国协和医科大学联合出版社,1997

16. 董景五.国际疾病分类(ICD-10)死因分类培训参考教材,2007

17. 曹泽毅主编.中华妇产科学.北京:人民卫生出版社,1999

18. 叶任高主编.内科学(第五版).北京:人民卫生出版社,2000

19. 杨清玉、彭绍华著.实用猝死病理学.北京:群众出版社,1992

20. 邱绪襄,廖文满.颅脑损伤.成都:四川科学技术出版社,1995

21. 祝家镇主编.法医病理学.北京:人民卫生出版社,1988

22. 郭景元主编.法医学(第二版). 北京:人民卫生出版社,1993

23. 郭景元主编.中国医学百科全书《法医学》.上海:科学技术出版社,1982

24. 胡萃主编.法医昆虫学.重庆:重庆出版社,2000

25. 赵子琴主编,法医病理学第三版.人民卫生出版社,北京,2004

26. 王元.颅脑伤病的诊断与外科治疗.军事医学科学出版社,2002

27. 朱元钰,陈文彬主编.呼吸病学(第一版).北京:人民卫生出版社,2003

28. 王保捷主编.法医学.北京:人民卫生出版社,2001

29. 张益鹄主编.法医学.北京:科学出版社,2003

30. 李敬录, 佟蔚庭.急性电损伤学(第一版).北京:人民卫生出版社,1997

31. 秦启生.临床法医学(第三版).北京:人民卫生出版社,2004

32. 赵民.高空减压病.北京:军事医学科学出版社, 1997

33. 周炳琨.激光原理.国防工业出版社,1980

34. 丁钺.职业病,中毒,物理损伤诊疗手册.上海:上海医科大学出版社,1994

35. 李玉林主编.病理学(第六版).北京:人民卫生出版社,2004

36. 上海第一医学院病理教研组.尸体剖验技术.上海:上海科技出版社,1978

37. 李志尚.病理剖验技术(第四版).北京:人民卫生出版社,1987

38. 伍新尧.高级法医学.郑州大学出版社,2002

39. 霍起森,李永宏.法医尸体剖验与案例分析.西安:陕西科技出版社,1994

40. 卢世博等.病理剖验技术和诊断.中国人民解放军后勤部卫生部,1982

41. Claus Henssgeet alThe estimation of the time since death in the early postmortem periodThe Bath Press1995

42. Knight B. Forensic Pathology. London: Edward Arnold, 1991

43. Knight B. Forensic Pathology. 2nd ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1996

44. Knight B. Forensic pathology. 4th edOxford University Press, 2005.

45. Knight B. Simpson’s Forensic Medicine, 2nd Edition, London, Oxford University Press, 1997

46. Spitz WU and Fisher RS. Medicolegal Investigation of Death. 3 rd ed. Springfield: Charles C Thomas. 1993

47. Spitz WU and Fisher RS. Medicolegal Investigation of Death. 4th ed. Springfield: Charles C Thomas. 2004

48. Simpson JK. The Pathology of Trauma. 2nd ed. Edward Arnold Ltd1993

49. DiMaio VJ, et al. Forensic Pathology, 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2001

50. Knight B, et al. Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology, 6th ed.The Law Book Company (P) Ltd., India, 1990

51. Froede RC, et al. Handbook of Forensic Pathology, College of American Pathologists, Northfield, IL, 1990

52. 高取健彦ら. エッンャル法医学. 东京:医歯薬出版株式会社,1997

53. Cyril John Polson, D.J.Gee and Bernard Knight. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine. Pergamon Press, 1985

54. Russell S. Fisher, Forensic Pathology--A Handbook for Pathologists.1982.

55. Berry CL, ed. Paediatric pathology 3rd ed. Springer, Berlin.1996

56. Greshan GA Turner AF. Procedure. An Illustrated Textbook1988

57. Ludwig J, ed. Current Methods of Autopsy practice 2nd ed. W.B. Sauders Co.Philadephlia. 1979

 

 

 


中英文对照

A

 

爱先蓝

alcian blue

安乐死

euthanasia

安全带损伤

seat belt injury

案件重构

reconstruction of the event

凹陷性骨折

depressed fracture

B

 

B-淀粉样前体蛋白

beta amyloid precursor protein

白骨化

skeletonized remains

白细胞三烯

leukotriene

半接触枪弹创

near contact gun-shot wound

保存型尸体

preserved corpse

保险杠损伤

bumper injury

暴力性死亡

violent death

爆炸

explosion

爆炸伤

explosion injury

被虐待儿童综合征

battered child syndrome

濒死期

agonal stage

病毒性心肌炎

viral myocarditis, VMC

丙二醛

malonodialdehydeMDA

病理性死亡

pathological death

病理性窒息

pathological asphyxia

崩裂性骨折

bursting fracture

不刹车碾压

run-over no in braked

C

 

擦过枪弹创

grazing bullet wound

擦痕

grazes, brush abrasion

擦伤

abrasion

擦拭轮

abrasion collar

产瘤

caput succedaneum

超生反应

supravital reaction

超生期

supravital period

超氧化物歧化酶

superoxide dismutaseSOD

沉箱病

caisson disease

成人呼吸窘迫综合征

adult respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS

迟发性溺死

delayed drowning

持续性植物状态

persistent vegetative state

冲击波

blast wave

冲击性脑挫伤

coup contusion

船舶事故损伤

shipwreck injury

wound, laceration

创伤性窒息

traumatic asphyxia

创伤愈合

wound healing

锤击伤

injury by hammer

刺创

stab wound

刺器

stab weapon

刺切创

stab incised wound

猝死

sudden unexpected death

猝死综合症

Sudden Death Syndrome

挫裂创

laceration

挫伤

contusions, bruise

挫伤轮

contusion collar

D

 

大叶性肺炎

lobar pneumonia

带斜面的射入口(或射出口)

beveled entrance or exit wound

弹丸

pellet

弹仓

magazine

道路交通事故损伤

road traffic accident injury

低角度射击

shallow angle fire

低血糖症

hypoglycemia

抵抗伤

defense wound

电击死

electric death

电流斑,电流印记

electric mark

电流性昏睡

electric lethargy

电流性水肿

electric edema

电烧伤

electric burns

电损伤或电击伤

electric injury, electric burns

电性窒息

electrical asphyxia

癫痫

Epilepsy

典型枪弹创

typical gunshot wound

冻伤

frostbite

冻死

death from cold

对冲性骨折

contrecoup fracture

对冲性脑挫伤

contrecoup contusion

多形性胶质细胞瘤

Glioblastoma multifome

钝力性心损伤

blunt injuries of the heart

钝器伤

blunt force injury, blunt instrument injury

E

 

鹅皮(样皮肤)

goose skin

扼痕

throttling marks

扼死

manual strangulation

二次射入创

reentry wound

儿童忽视

child neglect

儿童性虐待

childhood sexual abuse, CSA

F

 

法医病理学

forensic pathology

法医(法庭)昆虫学

forensic entomology

反常脱衣现象

paradoxical undressing

反跳角

angle of ricochet

反跳枪弹创

ricochet bullet wound

方向盘损伤

steering wheel injury

放射状骨折

radial fracture

非暴力性死亡

nonviolent death

非典型射入口

atypical entrance bullet wound

非法他杀死

death from murder

非法行医

illegal medical practice

非医源性医疗纠纷

noniatrogenic medical tangle

非正常死亡

abnormal death

非自然死亡

unnatural death

肺挫伤

contusion of the lungs

肺动脉栓塞

Pulmonery Embolism, PE

肺浮扬试验

hydrostatic test of lung

肺裂创

pulmonary laceration

肺气肿

pulmonary emphysema

肺死亡

pulmonary death

肺损伤

injuries of the lungs

肺性脑病

pulmonary encephalopathy

肺炎

pneumonia

肥厚型心肌病

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, HCM

分裂线

cleavage lines

分子死亡

molecular death

粉碎性骨折

comminuted fracture

斧背伤

injury by back of axe

辅助死因

contributory cause of death

腐败

putrefaction

腐败静脉网

putrefactive networks

腐败气泡

putrefactive blister

腹部损伤

abdominal injuries

G

 

干性溺死

dry drowning

肝损伤

injuries of the liver

刚果红

Gongo red

高血压危象

hypertensive crisis

高原肺水肿

high-altitude pulmonary edema, HAPE

高原性心脏病

high altitude heart disease, HAHD

高坠伤

injury by fall from height

睾丸鞘膜积血

hematocele

睾丸鞘膜外伤性积水

traumatic hydrocele

个人识别

personal identification of the deceased

个体死亡

individual death

根本死因

primary cause of death

哽死

death from choking

宫外孕

extrauterine pregnancy

共同死因

equal contribution to death

巩膜黑斑

tache noire

沟状枪弹创

gutter wound

古尸

the ancient corpse

骨折

fracture

骨折性脑挫伤

fracture contusion

骨珍珠

osseous pearls

冠状动脉口狭窄

Stenosis of Coronary artery

冠状动脉粥样硬化性心脏病

arterioscterotic coronary heart disease

贯通枪弹创

perforating bullet wound

硅藻

diatom

棍棒伤

injury by club

过敏性猝死

sudden death from hypersensitivity

过失伤害死

manslaughter

H

 

海马沟回疝

hippocampal hernia

航空事故损伤

aviation accident injury

合法他杀死

death from justifiable homicide

核爆炸

nuclear explosion

核流

streaming of nuclei

核心温度

core temperature

呼吸机脑

respiratory brain

-佛综合症

Waterhouse-Friderchsen Syndrome

滑动性脑挫伤

gliding contusion

化骨核

ossification center

化学性爆炸

chemical explosion

坏死

necrosis

环状隆起骨折

concentric heaving fracture

挥鞭样损伤

whiplash injuries

回旋枪弹创

circumferential bullet wound

毁坏型死后变化

destructive postmortem changes

活套

loop with a slip knot

火器

firearms

火器损伤

firearm injury

火药斑纹

powder tattooing

火药颗粒

stippling

J

 

机械性损伤

mechanical injury

机械性损伤的法医学鉴定

expertise of mechanical injury

机械性窒息

mechanical asphyxia

肌肉松弛

muscular flaccidity

即时死

instantaneous death

急性出血坏死性胰腺炎

acute hemorrhagic necrotic pancreatitisAHNP

急性出血性胰腺坏死

acute hemorrhagic necrosis of pancreas

急性喉阻塞

acute laryngemphraxis

急性死亡

acute death

急性胃扩张

acute dilatation of stomach

挤压伤

crushing

挤压综合征

crush syndrome

脊髓出血压迫

hemorrhage and compression of the spinal cord 

脊髓挫伤

contusion of the spinal cord

脊髓断裂

rupture of spinal cord

脊髓水肿

edema of spinal cord

脊髓损伤

injuries of the spinal cord

脊髓震荡

concussion of spinal cord

脊柱损伤

injuries of the vertebral column

继发性脑死亡

secondary brain death

击晕综合症

punch drunk syndrome

假死

apparent death

假裂创

false split

假性烟晕

psedo-soot

假性火药斑纹

psedo-power tattooing

家庭暴力

domestic violence

剪器

scissor

剪切

shear strain

剪创

clip wound

间质性肺炎

interstitial pneumonia

简明损伤等级

Abbreviated Injury Score , AIS

减压病

decompression disease

江陵古尸

the ancient corpse at Jiangling county

交通事故损伤

traffic accident injury

交通事故重建

traffic accident reconstruction

交通事故现象

phenomenon of traffic accident

交通损伤

injury in traffic, traffic injury

交通意外损伤

unforeseen injury in transportation

角膜混浊

postmortem turbidity of cornea

接触枪弹创

contact gun-shot wound

接触射击

contact fire

近距离射击

close range fire

近距离枪弹创

close range gun-shot wound

浸软

maceration

局部干燥

local desiccation

巨人观

bloated cadaver

绝对致命伤

absolutely fatal trauma

K

 

砍创

chop wound

克山病

Keshan Disease

空包弹

blank ammunition

空气中缺氧性窒息

asphyxia due to ambient hypoxia

孔状骨折

perforated fracture

扣带回疝

cingulate gyrus hernia

扩张型心肌病

Dilated Cardiomyopathy, CDM

L

 

朗格汉斯巨细胞

Langhans giant cell

勒死

ligature strangulation

类过敏反应综合症

anaphylactoid syndrome

类胰蛋白酶

tryptase

雷电击纹

lightning mark

雷击死

death from lightning

雷击综合征

lightning syndrome

肋骨骨折

rib fracture

联合死因

combined cause of death

临床死亡

clinical death

临终期

terminal stage

流行性脑(脊髓)炎

Epidemic Cerebrospinal Meningitis

颅底骨折

basilar skull fracture

颅盖骨折

fractures of the calvarium

颅骨擦痕

scratch on the skull

颅骨骨折

fractures of the skull

颅骨砍削创

peeling of the skull

颅骨压痕

imprint on the skull

颅脑损伤

head injuries

轮胎花纹印痕

wheel grain print

轮胎印迹

tire marks

螺栓枪

stud gun

螺旋桨损伤

propeller injury

M

 

马王堆尸

the Mawangdui cadaver

慢性死亡

chronic death

盲管枪弹创 

penetrating, blind track bullet wound

霉尸

molded cadaver

闷死

suffocation

弥漫性轴索损伤

diffuse axonal injury

泌尿生殖器官损伤

injuries of the genitourinary organ

免疫学检测法

immunoassay

摩托车事故损伤

motorcycle accident injury

木乃伊

mummy

N

 

内脏器官破裂

visceral laceration

挠痕

scratch marks

脑挫伤

brain contusion

脑出血

Cerebral Hemorrhage

脑死亡

brain death

脑损伤

brain injury

脑血管疾病

Cerebral Vascular Disease

脑震荡

brain concussion

泥炭鞣尸

cadaver tanned in peat bog

溺死

drowning

碾压伤

run-over injury

虐待

abuse

虐待儿童

child abuse; child maltreatment

虐待儿综合征

child abuse syndrome

虐待老人

mistreatment of old people

P

 

Paltauf斑(溺死斑)

Paltauf’s spots

泡沫器官

foaming organ

膀胱损伤

injuries of urinary bladder

烹饪效应

cooking effect

皮肤金属化

electric metallization of skin

皮肤撕脱伤或剥皮创

avulsion injury of skin

皮革样化

parchment-like transformation

皮内出血

intradermal bruise

皮下出血

subcutaneous hemorrhage

皮下腐败气泡

subcutaneous gas bleb

脾损伤

injuries of the spleen

Q

 

气胸

pneumothorax

气压病

dysbarism

气压性损伤

barotraumas

枪弹创

gunshot wound

枪弹损伤

gunshot injury

枪口印痕

muzzle imprint

切创

incised wound

切线状射击

tangential fire

青壮年猝死综合征

sudden menhood death syndrome, SMDS

屈折枪弹创

deflected bullet wound

躯体虐待

physical abuse

躯体死亡

somatic death

拳斗姿势

pugilistic attitude

拳击伤

punching

R

 

热损伤

thermal injury

妊娠高血压综合征

pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, PIH

妊娠类过敏综合征

anaphylactoid syndrome of pregnancy

人为现象

postmortem artifacts

锐器伤

sharp instrument injury

S

 

散弹枪

shotgun

散弹枪弹创

Shotgun wounds

刹车碾压

run-over in braked

杀婴

infanticide

疝性脑挫伤

herniation contusion

闪电性麻痹

keraunoparalysis

少突胶质细胞瘤

Oligodendroglioma

伤后存活时间

survival period after wounding

上行性脊髓缺血性损伤

ascending ischemic injury of spinal cord

烧伤

burn

射出口

exit bullet wound

射创管

bullet wound track

射击方向

direction of fire

射击距离

range of fire

射击残留物

shot residue

射击命中角度

projectile entry angle

射入角

angle of incidence

射入口

entrance bullet wound

伸展创

extension wound

肾损伤

injuries of the kidneys

肾素-血管紧张素系统

Renin-Angiotensin System, RAS

生活反应

vital reaction

生理性死亡

physiological death

生命体征

vital sign

生前伤

ante-mortem injuries

生物力学

biomechanics

生物学死亡

biological death

生物芯片

biochip

生物活性检测法

bioassay

绳结

knot

石块

stone

尸斑

livor mortis, lividity

尸臭

odor of putrefaction

尸僵,再僵直

rigor mortis, cadaveric rigidity, restiffness

尸蜡

adipocere

尸冷

algor mortis, cooling of the body

尸绿

greenish discoloration on cadaver

尸体化学,尸碱

postmortem chemistry, ptomaine

尸体解剖

autopsy

尸体痉挛

cadaveric spasm, instantaneous rigor

尸体现象

postmortem phenomena

尸体分解

decomposition of dead body, postmortem decomposition

尸体发掘

exhumation

试切创

hesitation marks, hesitation wounds

嗜铬细胞瘤

pheochromocytoma

树枝状纹

arborescent marking or dendritic pattern

刷状擦伤

brush abrasion

摔跌伤

tumbling injury

栓塞

embolism

水性肺气肿

aqueous emphysema

睡眠中无呼吸综合症

sleep apnea syndrome, SAS

瞬时空腔

temporary cavity

瞬时空腔效应

temporary cavitation effect

撕裂创

tearing wound

死亡

death

死后变化

postmortem changes

死后分娩

postmortem delivery

死后化学变化

postmortem chemical changes

死后间隔时间

postmortem interval, PMI

死后经历时间

the time since death, TSD

死后呕吐

postmortem vomiting

死后人为现象

postmortem artifacts

死后伤

postmortem injuries

死后循环

cadaveric circulation

死套

loop with a fixed knot

死亡方式

manner or mode of death

死亡机制

mechanism of death

死亡时间

time of death

死亡学

thanatology

死亡诱因

predisposing or inducing cause of death

死亡原因

cause of death

损伤

injury

损伤机制

mechanism of injury

损伤时间推断

dating of wound

损伤严重度评分

Injury Severity Score , ISS

锁孔状骨折

keyhole fracture

T

 

Tardieu

Tardieu’s spots

他杀 

homicide

他杀死

death from homicide, homicidal death

胎便小体

meconium corpuscle

胎头血肿

cephalohaematoma

炭化

charring

糖尿病

diabetes mellitus

烫伤

scalding

体表平行条状挫伤

tramline bruises

体位性窒息

positional asphyxia

体温过低

hypothermia

条件致命伤

conditional fatal trauma

铁轨样挫伤

train-line bruise, railway line bruise

铁路事故损伤

railway accident injury

头皮擦伤

abrasion of the scalp

头皮挫伤

bruising of the scalp

头皮裂伤

laceration of the scalp

头皮损伤

scalp injuries

突发性生理性死亡

instantaneous physiological death

推断死亡时间

estimation of time of death

拖擦伤

dragging injury

W

 

5-羟色胺

5-hydroxytryptamine

外伤性窒息

traumatic asphyxia

外伤性脑梗死

post-traumatic cerebral infarction

外伤性脑疝

traumatic brain hernia

晚期死后变化

late postmortem changes

未成熟儿

premature

未分化心肌病

Unclassified Cardiomyopathy

维希涅夫斯基斑

Wischnevsky’s gastric lesions

胃肠浮扬试验

hydrostatic test of stomach and bowel

胃肠损伤

injuries of the gastrointestinal tract

污垢轮

grease ring

捂死

smothering

物理性爆炸

physical explosion

X

 

细胞性死亡

cellular death

细胞凋亡

apoptosis

洗衣妇手

washerwoman’s hands

现场勘查

scene investigation

线形骨折

linear fracture

限制性心肌病

Restrictive Cardiomyopathy, RCM

小脑扁桃体疝

cerebellar tonsillar hernia

小脑幕裂孔疝

tentorial hisatus

小叶性肺炎

lobular pneumonia

心房尿钠肽

atrial natriuretic peptideANP

心肌病

Cardiomyopathy

心肌梗死

myocardial infarction 

心肌收缩带坏死

contraction band necrosis

心室颤动

ventricular fibrillation

心损伤

injuries of the heart

心性哮喘

Cardiac Asthma

心血管疾病猝死

Sudden Death from Cardiovascular Diseases

心脏传导系统

Cardiac Conduction System, CCS

性虐待

sexual abuse

性窒息

sexual asphyxia

星形胶质细胞瘤

Astrocytoma

胸部损伤

injuries of the chest

血酒精浓度

blood alcohol concentrationBAC

血液坠积

visceral hypostasis

血肿

hematoma

Y

 

压擦痕

friction bruise, pressure bruise

压痕

impression marks

压迫胸腹部所致的窒息

asphyxia due to overlay

亚急性死亡

sub-acute death

烟晕

smudging

羊水栓塞

amniotic fluid embolism

咬伤

bite mark

腰带加斜跨式肩带(三点式)

lap and diagonal strap

摇篮死

crib death

夜间猝死综合症

sudden unexpected nocturnal death syndrome

医疗过失纠纷

tangle from medical fault

医疗纠纷

medical tangle

医疗事故

medical negligence, medical malpractice

医疗意外

medical accident

医源性医疗纠纷

iatrogenic medical tangle

胰损伤

injuries of the pancreas

异位妊娠

ectopic pregnancy

抑制死

death from inhibition

意外死

accidental death, death from accident

缢沟

hanging groove, furrow

缢颈后迟发性死亡

delayed death after hanging

缢死(吊死)

death from hanging

阴道损伤

injuries of the vagina

阴茎的创伤与离断

wound and severing of the penis

阴茎的折断

fracture of the penis

阴茎绞窄

incarceration of the penis

阴茎皮肤剥脱

denudation of the penis

阴茎损伤

injuries of the penis

阴茎脱位

dislocation of the penis

阴囊及睾丸损伤

injuries of the scrotum and testis

印痕样损伤

patterned injury

印痕状擦伤

patterned abrasion

婴幼儿猝死综合征

sudden infant death syndromeSIDS

硬脑膜外热血肿

extradural heat hematoma

硬脑膜外血肿

epidural hematoma

硬脑膜下血肿

subdural hematoma

永久性创道

permanent wound track

瘀点性出血

petechial hemorrhage

预防接种不良反应

adverse events following immunizationAEFI

原发性脑死亡

primary brain death

原发性心跳停止

primary cardiac arrest

远距离枪弹创

distant gun-shot wound

远距离射击

distant fire

远达效应

remote effect

Z

 

砸压伤

tamp injury

早产儿

preterm infant

早期死后变化

early postmortem changes

掌击伤

injury by palm

整体死亡

total death

阵发性夜间呼吸困难

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea

直肠温度列线图

temperature time of death relating nomogram

直接死因

immediate cause of death, direct cause of death

支气管哮喘

bronchial asthma

肢体断离

dismemberment

致伤物的认定

identification of the instrument causing the trauma

致伤物的推断

estimation of the instrument causing the trauma

致心律失常型右室心肌病

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy, ARVC

窒息

asphyxia

窒息死

asphyxial death

中毒性窒息

toxic asphyxia

中间性脑挫伤

inner cerebral trauma

中间障碍物

intermediate target

中距离射击

intermediate range fire

中距离枪弹创

medium-distance gun-shot wound

肘部或前臂扼颈

choke hold, arm-lock

蛛网膜下腔出血

subarachnoid hemorrhage

主动脉窦瘤

sinus of aortic aneurysm

主动脉夹层分离或主动脉夹层动脉瘤

aortic dissection or aortic dissecting aneurysm

主动脉瘤

aortic aneurysm

主要死因

main cause of death

抓痕

claw marks, scratch or finger-nail abrasion

砖头

brick

砖石伤

injury by brick or stone

撞痕

impact abrasion, crushing abrasion

撞击伤

impact injury

子宫损伤

injuries of the uterus

自发性蛛网膜下腔出血

spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage

自家消化

autodigestion

自溶

autolysis

自杀

suicide

自杀死

death from suicide, suicidal death

自行车事故损伤

bicycle accident injury

足踢伤

injury by kicking

组织间桥

tissue bridge

组织胺

histamine

阻塞性气管纤维蛋白假膜

obstructive fibrinous tracheal psedo-membrane, OFTP