细胞生物学
教学大纲
发布时间: 2009-08-23   浏览次数: 216

 

Cell Biology 双语教学大纲
 
1.      Introduction
      Unity and diversity of cells
     Cells under the microscope
     The procaryatic cell
     The eucaryotic cell
 
2.      The Chemical Basis of Cells
     Chemical bonds
     Molecules in cells
     Macromolecules in cells
 
3. Research Methods of Cell Biology(反映在各章节中,或通过试验课学习)
 
4. Membrane Structure and Transport
     The lipid bilayer
     Membrane proteins
     Cell-Cell junctions
     Extracellular matrix
     Passive transport of substances
     Active transport of substances
 
5. Intracellular Compartment and Vesicular Transport
     Membrane-enclosed organelles
     Protein sorting
     Vesicular transport
     Secretory pathways
     Endocytic pathways
 
6. Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
     Mitochondria and oxidative phosphorylation
     Chloroplasts and photosynthesis
     The origins of chloroplasts and mitochondria
 
7. Cytoskeleton
     Microtubules
     Actin filaments
     Muscle contraction
     Intermediate filaments
     Membrane skeleton and nuclear skeleton
 
8. Cell Communication and Signaling
     General principles of cell signaling
     Nitric oxide crosses the plasma membrane and actives intracellular
     Ion-Protein-Linked receptors convert chemical signals into electrical signals
     G-Protein-Linked receptors
     Enzyme linked receptors
     Signaling by focal adhesion kinases
     Convergence divergence and signal network system
 
9. Nucleus and Chromosomes
     Nuclear envelope and nuclear pore complex
     Chromatin and chromosomes
     Nucleolus and ribosome biogenesis
     Nuclear matrix
 
10. Ribosome
     Shapes and compositions of ribosome
     The RNA message is decoded on ribosome
     The ribosome is a ribozyme
     Proteins are made on polyribosomes
 
11. Cell-Cycle and Cell Division
     Overview of the cell cycle
     The cell cycle control system
     Mitosis
     Meiosis
 
12. Cell Differentiation
     Totipotency
     House-keeping gene and tissue-specific gene
     Gene differential express
     Transcriptional level control
     Processing level control
     Translational level control
     Stem cell
     Cancer cell
 
13. Cell Senescence and Cell Death
     Hayflick Limitation
     Intracellular Conditions for Senescence
     Structural change of senescence cells
     Molecular basis of cell ageing
     Apoptosis
     Necrosis and apoptosis
     Morphology features of apoptic bodies
     DNA ladders
     Apoptosis is regulated by the Bcl-2 family of intracellular proteins
     Extracellular control of cell numbers and cell size