翻译点津 时事热词英译(十五)




塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.  

三八红旗手 woman pace-setter  

三八线 38th Parallel  

360度环幕电影 Circamara  

三班倒 three shifts

三步走战略 the three-step development strategy  

三大法宝 the three main and effective method

三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)  

三分钟热度 brief period of enthusiasm

三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)

三个代表 three represents theory (the Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.)  

三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards  

三股企业 three-share enterprises—enterprises whose shares are purchased by government departments, local authorities and other enterprises  

《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms  

三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)  

散户 retail / private investor  

三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct); stress the need to study, to be political-minded and to be honest and upright  

"三讲"教育 "Three Emphasis" Education

三角恋爱 love triangle  

三角债 chain debt  

散客 individual traveler

三来一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade

三连冠 three successive championships  

三连胜 hat-trick feat (Liu Xiang steals limelight after hat-trick feat at National Games.刘翔全运会获三连胜佳绩,成媒体关注焦点。)

三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen  

三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers

三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute

三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers

三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself."  

三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits "  

三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)"  

三维电影 three-dimensional movie  

三无企业 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)"  

三峡工程 Three Gorges Project

三峡水利枢纽二期工程 the second phase of the key water control project at the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River

三下乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers"  

三沿”开放(沿海、沿边、沿江) "Sea-shore, River-shore, Border-shore" opening-up

散装 load in bulk

三字经 three-character scripture  

三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China "  

三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation

三等功 third-class merits

桑拿浴 sauna  

散伙饭 goodbye dinner

三天打鱼,两天晒网 work by fits and starts (Jones works by fits and starts and lacks continuity in endeavor.琼斯做事三天打鱼,两天晒网,不够努力坚持。)

三提五统 three deductions [for public reserve funds, public welfare funds and management fees, tr.] and the five charges [charges for rural education, family planning, militia training, rural road construction and subsidies to entitled groups

三无人员 (无合法证件,无正常居所,无正当生活来源) people without identification papers, a normal residence permit, and a source of income; “sanwu” people

三峡移民 Migrants from Three Gorges area

扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications  

扫盲 eliminate illiteracy

扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work  

扫除文盲 eliminate illiteracy

骚扰电话 crank call

森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover

沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm  

沙雕 Sand sculpture (An annual sand sculpture festival kicked off in Berlin.一年一度的德国柏林沙雕节日前在柏林拉开了帷幕。)

杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel

傻冒 blockhead; simpleton; foolishness; to exude foolishness

沙漠化 desertification

杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card  

刹住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and wastewining and dining of official gueststouring the country at public expenses

煞住歪风 put an end to the unhealthy practice  

傻瓜相机 Instamatic (商标名, 焦距、镜头均固定,被称为foolproof相机)

晒工资 salary show

山不在高,有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy [fairy是仙女的意思,这个选词并不恰当]; "  

闪电战 blitz; lightning war

《山海经》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers  

山姆大叔 Uncle Sam

煽情 arouse one's enthusiasm or fervor

山体滑坡 mountain landslide

闪存卡 flash memory card

商办工业企业 industrial enterprises run by commercial units  

上班时间 office hour

商标冒用 trade mark infringement

商标条款 brand clause

商标专利权 exclusive right to use trademark

商潮 business wave

上岗 go to one's post; go on duty

上岗证 work license

上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)  

上海合作组织秘书处 Secretariat of Shanghai Cooperation Organization

上海五国第六次峰会 the sixth summit of Shanghai Five  

上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism  

商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau  

商界 the business circle

上马 start a project

上门服务 door-to-door service  

上门推销员 knocker

商品步行街 shopping mall

商品储备 commodity supply

商品房 commercial residential building

商品房空置 the vacancy problem in commercial housing  

商品过剩 glut of goods

商品化 commercialization

商品货币 commodity money

商品交易 commodity transaction

商品交易所 commodity exchange(center)

商品经济 commodity economy

商品条码 bar code  

商品销路 commodity outlet

上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas  

上市 to be listed  

上市公司 listed companies  

伤停“休养” lay-off (Chinese hurdler Liu Xiang, former Olympic and world champion, returned to competition in style by finishing second at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix here on Sunday.中国跨栏选手、前奥运会和世界冠军刘翔在周日的上海国际田径黄金大奖赛上完美复出,获得了亚军。)

上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net  

商务代表 commercial or trade representative

商务旅游 business travel

上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development

商业报价 commercial offer

商业保险资金 commercial insurance funds

商业炒作 commercial speculation  

商业存在(服务贸易) commercial presence  

商业贷款 commercial loan

商业道德 business ethics

商业动向 business trend

商业发票 commercial invoice

商业间谍活动 industrial espionage (The four face jail terms of at least five years for bribery, and the maximum penalty for industrial espionage is seven years.这四人的受贿行为将面临至少五年的刑期,而商业间谍罪的最高刑期可达七年。)

商业街 commercial street; business district

商业网点和设施 commodity network and facility

商业网点 commodity network

商业信贷原则 principles for commercial credit

商业预测 business forecasting

上访者 petitioner [请愿者](Authorities in Gansu have put the protest under control after a group of petitioners attacked local government buildings Monday night. 17日晚,甘肃省陇南发生上访者冲击市委机关群体性事件,目前事态已得到控制。)

上门服务 visiting service

商务出境 outbound tour for commercial affairs

上证指数(上海证券交易所指数) SSE (Shanghai Stock Exchange) Composite Index

哨兵 sentry. (A sentry on duty outside a garrison in Gaoxin District of Chongqing was shot dead by unidentified attacker(s).位于重庆市高新区的某驻渝部队营房哨兵遭持枪歹徒袭击身亡。)

扫黄运动 anti-porn drive

少林功夫 Shaolin Kung Fu. (Shaolin Kung Fu will be featured in a cultural event held by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Paris in May, the China News Service reported Monday.据中新社16日报道,今年5月,联合国教科文组织将在总部巴黎举办"文化多样性活动周",中国少林功夫应邀参加。)

少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee "  

少数民族地区 regions inhabited by ethnic groups

社会保障制度 social security system  

社会保障支出 expenditure for social security

社会保障基金 social security funds

社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries

社会公众利益 interests of the general public

社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system

社会集团购买力 the purchasing power of a social group

社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors

社会名流 celebrity

社会热点问题 hot spots of society  

社会事业 social undertakings

社会投资 nongovernmental investment

社会效益 social effect /results /benefit  

社会舆论 public opinion

社会治安情况 public security situation  

社会主义价值观 socialist value outlook

社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress

社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy

社会主义先进文化 an advanced socialist culture

社会主义政治文明建设 socialist political civilization

社会总产值 total social output value

社会总供给 total social supply

社会总需求 total social demand

社交 social intercourse

舍近求远 reject what is near at hand and seek what is far away  

舍利子 Buddha's relics

社论 editorial  

社区服务 community services

社区货币 Communities print cash. (A small number of communities are printing their own money, communities print cash,aiming to help consumers make ends meet and support struggling local businesses.美国有一小部分社区开始印制自己的"钞票",以帮助消费者"收支平衡",同时支持当地陷入困境的企业。)

蛇头 snakehead

蛇头 human smuggler (Beijing police said Sunday they detained an alleged human smuggler surnamed Xiong from Taiwan.北京警方拘留了一名台湾女"蛇头"熊某。)

涉外经济 foreign-related business  

热线电话 telephone hotline

摄政王 acting king; prince regent

社会保险机构 social security institutions

社会公敌 a threat to society

社会公平 social equity

社会公益性技术研究 technological research for public welfare

社会信用体系 the social credit system

社会主义初级阶段 the primary stage of socialism

申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games  

申办城市 the bidding cities  

申办2008年奥运会 bid for 2008 Olympics

深层文化 deep culture

深化改革 deepen the reform

深加工 deep processing; further processing

深加工、高附加值矿产品 deep-processed mineral products with high added value

审时度势 size up the situation  

申诉权 right of petition

身体素质 physique; physical constitution  

神童 child prodigy

渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities

身外之物 worldly possessions

审议会议 review conference

神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card  

申报财产 declare one’s assets

生产线 production line

生产性投资 productive investment

省会 provincial capital  

圣火 sacred fire (such as the Olympic torch)

生活补助 living subsidies

生活津贴 living allowance or subsistence allowance

升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)

生计问题 bread-and-butter issue  

生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use

生态活动 eco-activity

生态建筑 ecological construction  

生态林 ecological forest

生态旅游 ecotourism

生态农业 environmentally friendly agriculture  

生态危机 eco-crisis

生态效益 ecological benefit

生态系统 ecological system(ecosystem)

生物工程 biological engineering

生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism  

生物圈 biosphere

生物燃料 biofuel (An Air New Zealand passenger jet powered in part by vegetable oil successfully completed a flight Tuesday to test a biofuel that could lower airplane emissions.新西兰航空公司一架客机30日完成了使用植物油作为部分动力燃料的飞行实验,用于实验的生物燃料可能降低飞机的废气排放。)

生物钟 biological clock; living clock; biochronometer

声讯台 information service center

生意兴隆 Business flourishes

圣战(伊斯兰教徒对异教徒的战争) jihad

生命探测仪 life detection instrument

剩女 3S lady (This tag refers to ladies who are old enough for marriage but who have yet to tie the knot [get married]. 3S is short for Single, Seventies and Stuck. A 3S lady has a relatively good education, as well as a high income. They have a common characteristic: They are independent.) (来源:21世纪英文报第753期 中山大学陈萌整理)

生态补偿机制 a mechanism for ecological compensation

生物降解的 biodegradable (The biodegradable plastic garbage bags used at Beijing Olympics venues will be available on the Chinese market next year.曾在奥运场馆广为使用的生物降解塑料袋有望在明年进入市场。)

生效 come into force; take effect

升学率 enrollment rate

生源地助学贷款 locally-granted student loan (China will promote locally-granted student loans across the nation when the new school semester starts in September. The new policy allows poverty-stricken students to apply for special loans at their hometown before they enter college. An individual student will be granted a maximum of RMB6000 for each year to cover their tuition and accommodation fees. 9月临近,新学年即将开始。教育部、财政部等共同开展的生源地助学贷款今秋开学起将向全国推广。按这一政策,家庭经济困难的高校学生入学前就可在生源地办理助学贷款。每个借款人每年申请贷款最高不超6000元,主要用于学费和住宿费。)

生鱼片 sashimi

审美疲劳 aesthetic fatigue

申请破产保护 file for bankruptcy protection  

申请专利 apply for a patent

神舟飞船 the Shenzhou spaceship

涉嫌犯罪案件 suspected criminal case

实报实销 complete reimbursement

世博园 expo garden (At the 5.28-sq-km expo garden, upwards of 800,000 visitors are expected to punch their tickets at the gate every day - equivalent to dropping a different European city into the middle of Shanghai seven days a week.世博园面积达5.28平方公里,届时每天将接待游客超过80万人次,这相当于每周将一个欧洲城市的人口输送至上海市中心。)

时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.  

市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market

市场波动 market fluctuation

市场导向的就业机制 market-oriented employment mechanisms

市场供求关系 relation between market supply and demand

市场化 marketization  

市场疲软 sluggish market  

市场调节 market regulation; regulation market

市场营销学 marketing

市场占有率 market share

市场准入 market access, market admittance  

时代的必然要求 inevitable demand of the times  

时代感 sense of the times

适当增加中央预算内经常性建设投资 appropriately increase investment from the central budget for regular construction

试点工程;试点项目 pilot project

试点计划 pilot program (The Chinese government has launched a pilot program to subsidize energy-efficient and new-energy vehicles in the public transport sector in 13 cities, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) said Tuesday in a statement.财政部于本周二在一份声明中表示,中国政府已推出一项试点计划,对13个城市的公交系统使用节能与新能源汽车提供补贴。)

适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy  

适度微调 an appropriate amount of fine-tuning

实干 be steadfast and earnest in one's work; get right on the job

实干家 man of action-a person who is earnest and down-to-earth in his work; a person who engages himself wholeheartedly in his work and has been successful  

试管婴儿 test-tube baby

市话 local calls

实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is  

实际使用投资 actual utilized investment

实际增长 grow in real terms

释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni  

实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.  

世界奥林匹克日 the International Olympic Day  

世界大学生运动会(大运会) Universiade

世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values  

实况转播 live broadcast

实例化教学 case study teaching

失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted [be dumped]

适龄儿童入学率 enrollment rate for children of school age

十六大精神 the guiding principles of the Sixteenth National Congress

实名举报 real-name reporting (It says supervision departments should apply real-name reporting and should not make public the reporting information so as to protect informants.草案称监察部门应该采用实名制举报方式,并且为了保护举报人不应将举报信息公之于众。)

石漠化 stony desertification

视频博客 vlog (David Archuleta posted his latest vlog Monday from a Nashville studio.大卫•阿楚雷塔在纳什维尔的工作室发布了最新的视频博客。)

视频点播 video on demand (VOD)

视频购物 E-shopping via video clips (Some internet video sharing websites like tudou.com, youku.com and ku6.com have reportedly cooperated with taobao.com, a Chinese leading online shopping website, to realize E-shopping via video clips.日前,土豆网、优酷网、酷6网等多家视频网先后宣布与淘宝网合作,实现视频购物。)

食品加工 food processing

食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China  

世上无难事,只要肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. "  

实时达帐 real-time account settlement  

实施精品战略 follow a strategy of product excellence

实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts  

实收资本 paid-in capital

实体 entity

实体经济 the real economy  

世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;  

十五计划《纲要》突出了战略性、宏观性、政策性 The Outline for the Tenth Five-Year highlights its strategic vision, broad perspectives and policy considerations

失物招领处 lost- and- found offices

食物中毒 food poisoning (More than 200 students had symptoms of food poisoning on Monday after drinking school breakfast milk in two cities of northwest China's Shaanxi Province, provincial authorities said.陕西省政府表示,本周一该省两个市的200多名学生在饮用学校的早餐奶之后出现食物中毒的症状。)

实现零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough"  

实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life  

实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation  

适销对路的产品 readily marketable products  

实行股份制 enforce stockholding system  

实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to  

实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people  

师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice  

失学儿童 dropout  

试验品 guinea pig (He was used as a guinea pig for the new drug.他被当作检验新药品效用的试验品。)

事业单位 public institution  

失业金 unemployment compensation

十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party  

试映 test screening (He explained that after the test screening, the young audience members made very valuable suggestions.他解释说在试映结束后,这些年轻的会员观众提出了十分宝贵的建议。)

市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio  

适应气候 agree with the weather [?]. ( Does the weather agree with you?你适应这里的气候吗?)

试用期 probationary period  

试运行 trial operation (The Wuhan-Guangzhou high speed railway, which will shorten travel time from ten hours to three, will start atrial operation on December 20.武广(武汉至广州)高速铁路将于1220日开始试运行。线路开通后,两地间的运行时间将从十小时缩短至三小时。)

适者生存 survival of the fittest

施政纲领 administrative program

市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering

市值 market capitalization  

使中国经济与国际接轨 To bring China’s economy more in line with international practice  

市场导向 market orientation

市场定位 market positioning

市场化制度 market-driven system

市场价 market price (Market price is an economic concept with commonplace familiarity; it is the price that a good or service is offered at, or will fetch, in the marketplace.)

实地考察 fact-finding tour (Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama arrived in Baghdad Monday on a fact-finding tour.美国民主党总统竞选人奥巴马21日抵达伊拉克,对当地进行实地考察。)

始发站 starting station

试婚 trial marriage

世界精神卫生日 World Mental Health Day

世界田径锦标赛 World Athletics Championships

世界无车日 World Car Free Day (Over 100 m people in 1500 cities worldwide celebrated the annual World Car Free Day by leaving their cars at home in favor of bicycles, trains and buses September 22. 922日是"世界无车日"1500多个城市的1亿多民众参与了这一天的活动,选择骑自行车或乘坐火车,公交车上下班。 )

世界预防自杀日 World Suicide Prevention Day  

世界知识产权组织 World Intellectual Property Organization

实施办法 measures for the implementation

实事求是的态度 down-to-earth attitude

实施条例 regulations for the implementation

实施稳健的财政政策和货币政策 follow prudent fiscal and monetary policies

实施细则 rules for the implementation

试演 trial show (The China National Grand Theater will have its first trial show on September 25. )

失业保险 unemployment insurance benefits

十一五”发展规划 the 11th Five-Year Development Guidelines

试用/测试(新产品的) trial run (We were very disappointed with the results from the new car's first trial run. )

施政报告 policy address (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) Chief Executive Donald Tsang delivered the 2008-09 Policy Address at the Legislative Council Wednesday, saying the HKSAR government will proceed with the legislative work on a statutory minimum wage.香港特区行政长官曾荫权15日在特区立法会发表施政报告,指出政府将为最低工资展开立法工作。)

十字绣 cross embroidery; cross-stitched embroidery

失足青年 young offender of the law; juvenile delinquent

首创精神 pioneering spirit  

首次载人航天飞行 first manned spaceflight

首发阵容(足球) first team

收购兼并 merger and acquisition  

首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)  

首班车时间 first vehicle hour

首次公开发行 initial public offering ( IPO)

首飞 maiden flight (China's first home-grown passenger jet aircraft "Xiangfeng", the ARJ21-700, is set to make its maiden flight on September 21.作为我国首架拥有自主知识产权的支线飞机,被命名为"翔凤"ARJ-700飞机已初定于921日首飞。)

(房款)首付 down payment

售后服务 after-sale services  

售后服务站 after-sale service station

手机充值 cellular phone replenishing

手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone; mobile access fee  

手机综合症 mobile phone disease

首脑会议 summit conference

收盘价 closing price

首期按揭 down-payment  

首日封 first day cover

收容遣送工作 handling of indigent migrants

瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) brown meat essence; (clenobuterol hydrochloride)

收入差距 income gap

收入分配调节 regulation of income distribution

收视率 viewing rate  

寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished

首席大检察官 procurator-in-chief

授信贷款 credit extension loan  

授信额度 line of credit  

受灾地区 disaster-affected area  

受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster  

手足口病 hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD). (The number of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) cases is rising swiftly in Beijing.北京市手足口病发病数呈快速上升趋势。)

(企业)收购 acquisition (Hangzhou-based Wahaha Group Co Ltd is interested in acquiring assets of Sanlu Group, the Beijing News reported Monday, citing Wahaha Group chairman Zong Qinghou. He said no matter if an acquisition goes through, Wahaha will build its own milk powder production line. According to earlier reports, at least 3 dairy companies have expressed interest in Sanlu.据《新京报》13日报道,杭州娃哈哈集团董事长宗庆后近日表示,娃哈哈有兴趣收购三鹿,同时表示不管能否成功收购三鹿,都将建立自己品牌的娃哈哈奶粉生产线。据先前报道,至少已有3家乳企表示出收购三鹿的意愿。)

手机用户 mobile phone user/subscriber

数据通信 data communication

树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image  

数码港 cyberport  

枢纽工程 pivotal project

淑女班 gentlewoman class (A “gentlewoman class” with a curriculum including subjects like ancient Chinese civilization and traditional craftwork of embroidery has been set up at the Wuhan Institute of Technology, local media said Thursday.据武汉媒体报道,武汉科技学院日前专门开设"淑女班",课程包括国学经典、刺绣等。)

书市 book fair (The 2010 Spring Book Fair in Ditan Park attracted only a modest group of visitors at its opening day on Thursday, with nippy weather and a decline in public interest blamed.在地坛公园举行的2010年春季书市在周四开幕日当天只吸引了数量不多的访客,一方面是因为天气寒冷,另一方面是因为公众热情有所减退。)

税务师 tax accountant

数字地球 digital globe

数字蜂窝移动通信 digital cellular mobile telecommunications  

数字图书馆 digital library

耍花招 Monkey business (I think there's some kind of monkey business going on in that house across the street. People are going in and out all day long; maybe they're selling drugs or something.我觉得,马路对面那幢房子一定有人在进行着不正当的行为。他们一天到晚出出进进的,可能在贩毒,或搞其它勾当!)

刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card  

甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale  

衰退产业援助机制 mechanisms to aid declining industries

涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton  

酸雨 acid rain

双层公共汽车 double-deck bus

双重标准 double standards

双重遏制政策 dual containment policy

双重国籍 dual nationality

双轨制 double-track system

双解码 double decoding

双刃剑 double-edged sword  

双向收费 two-way charge system

双向选择 two-way selection (referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market)  

双学位 double degree;two Bachelor's degrees

双赢局面 win-win situation  

双拥 Double Support

双增双节 two increases and two reductions

双职工 working couple; man and wife both at work

双核家庭 dual-core family (This refers to a family where both husband and wife are only children or the single "core" of their respective families before they got married. The new family, of course, has two "cores" as neither of the couple knows how to behave not as a "core" in a family.)  

双向三车道 dual three-lane carriageway

双眼皮 double eyelid

双眼皮手术 double eyelid surgery

水电站 hydroelectric plant

税法的统一性和权威性 uniformity and authority of tax laws

税后利润 after-tax profit

水荒 water scarcity (The General Assembly designated the first World Water Day in 1993, and on March 22 every year since, the focus has been on a different aspect of freshwater sustainability, including sanitation and water scarcity.联合国大会在1993年确定了首个世界水日,自此之后,每年322日被定为世界水日。世界水日的主题集中在淡水资源可持续利用的不同方面,包括水资源清洁状况以及水荒。)

水货 smuggled goods  

水货 grey import. It is also know as a parallel import, which is made available in the local “grey market” by retailers who order the trademark goods directly from overseas wholesales at a lower price and without going through official import channels.  

水利工程 water conservancy project ("Without the reservoirs and other water conservancy projects in southwest China, the drought would have happened earlier and resulted in more loss," Liu said at a press conference.(水利部副部长)刘宁在记者招待会上说:“如果我国西南部没有修建水库和其它水利工程,那么干旱发生的时间会更早,损失也将更大。”)

水龙卷 waterspout (A rare waterspout was seen near Po Toi at about 8 am on August 19 and was detected on the Hong Kong Observatory's weather radar.据香港天文台气象雷达监测,蒲台岛附近海域819日早上8时左右出现罕见水龙卷。)

水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting  

税前/税后收入 pretax / after-tax income  

水土流失 soil erosion  

水下导弹 submarine-based missiles

水下通信 subsurface communication

水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.

税收起征点 tax threshold  

数码相机 digital camera

顺风车 free ride. (John is expecting me to give him a free ride to work every day.约翰每天都想搭我的顺风车上班。)

熟女 sophisticated lady (The term refers to a woman between 30 and 50 who has proper manner, a decent job, rich experience in life and well-polished taste in fashion.)

硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study  

说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes.

说服教育 persuasion education

说明会 explanation session

说起来容易做起来难 Easier said than done.

输血 blood transfusion   [献血 blood donation]

私奔 elope (2 childhood sweethearts, aged 6 and 7, eloped from Hanover in northern Germany on New Year's Eve, wanting to tie the knot under the African sun.德国北部汉诺威一对年纪分别为6岁和7岁的小情侣新年前夜竟然私奔,他们想跑到非洲的艳阳底下结为连理。)

四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas  

死而后已 until my heart stops beating

司法独立 judicial independence (It's human nature to plead for a criminal who is from the same country or the same family, but judicial independence should be fully respected and everyone should be equal before the law.为本国或家庭成员中的有罪之人辩护是人之常情,但司法独立应得到全面尊重,在法律面前应做到人人平等。)

司法解释 judicial interpretation

四个如何认识 (江泽民总书记在今年628日中央思想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话中,提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.) "In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle."  

四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)

四合院 courtyard dwellings; quadrangle dwellings (北京话、北京的风土人情在“四合院文化”中发展、成熟。Beijing dialect and customs developed and matured in courtyard dwellings culture.)

死机 system halted  

四连冠 four straight (consecutive) championships, (four championships on the run)

私人轿车牌照 individual car plate

私人企业 private enterprise

私人游资 mobile private capital

私人侦探 private detective (Because of an editing error, a story on Page A1 of yesterday's Times incorrectly reported that the Bourne town administrator will hire aprivate detective within the next month to investigate personnel issues at the Bourne Fire Department.由于编辑失误,昨天《泰晤士报》的头版新闻出现了错误报道,称伯恩镇的官员将在未来一个月内雇佣一位私人侦探调查伯恩镇消防队的人事问题。)

四书(《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)

私塾 private school

死亡率 mortality

死亡人数 death toll

死亡之组 group of death (Australia, China and Asian champions Iraq were drawn together in a 'group of death' for the 2010 World Cup, meaning at least one will not get through third round qualifying. 2010年世界杯抽签结果揭晓,澳大利亚、中国和亚洲冠军伊拉克分到了"死亡之组",这表示,至少有一支球队将无法进入第三轮比赛。)

思想包袱 mental load

思想道德教育 ideological and moral education  

四项基本原则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought"  

思想僵硬 fossilized concept  

思乡曲 Nostalgia  

司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)  

私营企业 privately-run enterprise

四有新人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline"  

死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan  

司法公正 judicial fairness

私房菜 private home cuisine

四库全书 Complete Library of the Four Branches

私募股权 private equity (CVC capital Partners, a leading global private equity firm, announced Monday the opening of its Beijing office as it looked to China for more investment opportunities.)

私募资本 private equity investments

四人双桨 quadruple sculls (China clinched the gold medal in the women's quadruple sculls at the Beijing Olympics Sunday, its first ever Olympic rowing gold medal. 17日下午,中国夺得奥运会赛艇女子四人双桨比赛金牌,这是中国赛艇队奥运历史上的第一金。)

送货上门 provide home delivery service

企业集团的)松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)  

送温暖工程 heart-warming project

搜索引擎(计算机) search engine

所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority

夙敌 arch-rival   [劲敌,主要竞争对手]

速递业务 express delivery services

素质教育 quality education; education for all-around development; competence-oriented education  

随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions  

随礼 give presents as returns

隧桥 tunnel-bridge (For many people, the opening of Shanghai Changjiang tunnel-bridge on October 31 is great news as it will enable travel in all weather.上海长江隧桥即将于1031日启用对许多人来说是一个好消息,因为在任何天气状况下,隧桥都能够让人们正常通行。)

随团旅游 group travel  

损公肥私 benefit oneself at the expense of public interests

孙子兵法 The Art of War

所得税 income tax

缩小...间的距离 narrow the gap between

缩小南北差距 to narrow the North-South gap

速配 speed dating

诉讼辩护人 defender

诉讼参与人 participant in proceedings

诉讼代理人 agent ad litem

诉讼权力 litigation